23 U.S. Code § 319 - Landscaping and scenic enhancement
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(a) Landscape and Roadside Development.— The Secretary may approve as a part of the construction of Federal-aid highways the costs of landscape and roadside development, including acquisition and development of publicly owned and controlled rest and recreation areas and sanitary and other facilities reasonably necessary to accommodate the traveling public, and for acquisition of interests in and improvement of strips of land necessary for the restoration, preservation, and enhancement of scenic beauty adjacent to such highways.
(b) Planting of Wildflowers.—
(1) General rule.— The Secretary shall require the planting of native wildflower seeds or seedlings, or both, as part of any landscaping project under this section. At least 1/4 of 1 percent of the funds expended for such landscaping project shall be used for such plantings.
(2) Waiver.— The requirements of this subsection may be waived by the Secretary if a State certifies that native wildflowers or seedlings cannot be grown satisfactorily or planting areas are limited or otherwise used for agricultural purposes.
Source(Pub. L. 85–767, Aug. 27, 1958, 72 Stat. 916; Pub. L. 89–285, title III, § 301(a),Oct. 22, 1965, 79 Stat. 1032; Pub. L. 89–574, § 8(b),Sept. 13, 1966, 80 Stat. 768; Pub. L. 90–495, § 6(f),Aug. 23, 1968, 82 Stat. 818; Pub. L. 94–280, title I, § 136(a),May 5, 1976, 90 Stat. 442; Pub. L. 100–17, title I, § 130,Apr. 2, 1987, 101 Stat. 169.)
1987—Pub. L. 100–17designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), inserted heading, and added subsec. (b).
1976—Pub. L. 94–280, in revising section, struck out subsec. (a) designation for existing text; incorporated as part of the section provision of former subsec. (b) for acquisition of interests in and improvement of strips of land necessary for the restoration, preservation, and enhancement of scenic beauty adjacent to Federal-aid highways; and struck out subsec. (b) designation and other subsec. (b) provisions relating to: allocation to a State out of appropriated funds an amount equivalent to 3 per centum of funds apportioned to a State for Federal-aid highways for landscape and roadside development use within the highway right-of-way, including acquisition and development of publicly owned and controlled rest and recreation areas and sanitary and other facilities within or adjacent to the highway right-of-way without being matched by the State; authorization of Secretary to except a State from the requirement upon a showing that amount is in excess of the State needs for the purposes; lapse of unused funds; appropriations authorization of $120,000,000 for fiscal years ending June 30, 1966, and 1967, and $20,000,000 for fiscal year ending June 30, 1970; and provision making chapter 1 respecting obligation, period of availability, and expenditure of Federal-aid primary highway funds applicable to funds authorized to be appropriated to carry out subsec. (b) after June 30, 1967.
1968—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 90–495inserted provisions authorizing an appropriation of not to exceed $20,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1970.
1966—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 89–574substituted provisions making applicable to the funds authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection after June 30, 1967, the provisions of chapter 1 of this title relating to the obligations, period of availability, and expenditure of Federal-aid primary highway funds for provisions prohibiting the use of any part of the Highway Trust Fund in carrying out this subsection.
1965—Pub. L. 89–285rearranged section structurally, made provision for apportionment of an amount, in addition to the state’s annual apportionment, equivalent to 3 per centum of the fund annually apportioned to the state for federal-aid highways to acquire interests and improvements for restoration, preservation, and enhancement of scenic beauty adjacent to Federal-aid highways, authorized appropriations of $120,000,000 for fiscal year ending June 30, 1966, and $120,000,000 for fiscal year ending June 30, 1967, and prohibited use of Highway Trust Fund moneys in carrying out the scenic enhancement provisions.
Effective Date of 1968 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 90–495effective August 23, 1968, see section 37 ofPub. L. 90–495, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.
Continuing Availability of Appropriated Funds for Appropriation, Obligation, and Expenditure
Pub. L. 94–280, title I, § 136(b),May 5, 1976, 90 Stat. 443, provided that: “All sums authorized to be appropriated to carry out section 319 (b) of title 23, United States Code [former subsec. (b) of this section], as in effect immediately before the date of enactment of this section [May 5, 1976] shall continue to be available for appropriation, obligation, and expenditure in accordance with such section 319 (b) [former subsec. (b) of this section], notwithstanding the amendment made by the subsection (a) of this section [to this section].”
National Scenic Highway System Study and User Access Study for Parks and Recreation Areas
Pub. L. 93–87, title I, § 134,Aug. 13, 1973, 87 Stat. 268, mandated a study to determine the feasibility of a scenic highway system to link together recreational, historical sites, and a study of user access to parks and recreational areas, including alternatives to private automobiles, the results of the studies to be reported to Congress no later than July 1, 1974, and Jan. 1, 1975, respectively.
Acquisition of Dwellings
Prohibition against the use of eminent domain to acquire any dwelling (including related buildings) under the terms of Pub. L. 89–285, see section 305 ofPub. L. 89–285, set out as a note under section 131 of this title.
Taking of Private Property Without Just Compensation