25 U.S. Code § 2801 - Definitions
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For purposes of this chapter—
(1) The term “Branch of Criminal Investigations” means the entity the Secretary is required to establish within the Office of Justice Services under section 2802 (d)(1) of this title.
(4) The term “enforcement of a law” includes the prevention, detection, and investigation of an offense and the detention or confinement of an offender.
(6) The term “Indian tribe” has the meaning given that term in section 1301 of this title.
(7) The term “offense” means an offense against the United States and includes a violation of a Federal regulation relating to part or all of Indian country.
(10)  The term “tribal justice official” means—
 So in original. There is no par. (9).
Source(Pub. L. 101–379, § 2,Aug. 18, 1990, 104 Stat. 473; Pub. L. 111–211, title II, §§ 203(b), 211 (a),July 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 2263, 2264.)
2010—Pub. L. 111–211, § 211(a), redesignated and reordered pars. (9) and (1) to (7) as (1) to (8), respectively, substituted “Office of Justice Services” for “Division of Law Enforcement Services” in par. (1), and struck out former par. (8) which read as follows: “The term ‘Division of Law Enforcement Services’ means the entity established within the Bureau under section 2802 (b) of this title.”
Par. (10). Pub. L. 111–211, § 203(b), added par. (10).
Short Title of 2010 Amendment
Pub. L. 111–211, title II, § 201(a),July 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 2261, provided that: “This title [enacting part G (§ 458ccc et seq.) of subchapter II of chapter 14 of this title and sections 2810 to 2815, 3665a, and 3682 of this title, redesignating part F (§ 458bbb et seq.) of subchapter II of chapter 14 of this title as part H (§ 458ddd et seq.), amending this section and sections 458ddd–1, 458ddd–2, 1302, 1321, 2411 to 2413, 2414a, 2415, 2431 to 2433, 2441, 2442, 2451, 2453, 2802 to 2804, 2809, 3613, 3621, 3653, 3662, 3663, 3666, and 3681 of this title, sections 841, 845, 1162, 4042, and 4352 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure, sections 872, 872a, 873, and 878 of Title 21, Food and Drugs, sections 534 and 543 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure, and sections 2996f, 3732, 3796h, 3796dd, 5616, 5783, and 13709 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, enacting provisions set out as notes under this section and section 1302 of this title, section 872 ofTitle 21, section 534 of Title 28, and sections 3732, 3796h, 3796dd, and 14044 of Title 42, amending provisions set out as a note under section 534 of Title 28, and repealing provisions set out as a note under section 3651 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010’.”
Pub. L. 101–379, § 1,Aug. 18, 1990, 104 Stat. 473, provided that: “This Act [enacting this chapter and provisions set out as a note under section 2991a of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare] may be cited as the ‘Indian Law Enforcement Reform Act’.”
Pub. L. 111–211, title II, § 204,July 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 2263, provided that: “If any provision of this title [see Short Title of 2010 Amendment note above], an amendment made by this title, or the application of such a provision or amendment to any individual, entity, or circumstance, is determined by a court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, the remaining provisions of this title, the remaining amendments made by this title, and the application of those provisions and amendments to individuals, entities, or circumstances other than the affected individual, entity, or circumstance shall not be affected.”
“(a) Findings.—Congress finds that—
“(1) the United States has distinct legal, treaty, and trust obligations to provide for the public safety of Indian country;
“(2) Congress and the President have acknowledged that—
“(A) tribal law enforcement officers are often the first responders to crimes on Indian reservations; and
“(B) tribal justice systems are often the most appropriate institutions for maintaining law and order in Indian country;
“(3) less than 3,000 tribal and Federal law enforcement officers patrol more than 56,000,000 acres of Indian country, which reflects less than 1/2 of the law enforcement presence in comparable rural communities nationwide;
“(4) the complicated jurisdictional scheme that exists in Indian country—
“(A) has a significant negative impact on the ability to provide public safety to Indian communities;
“(B) has been increasingly exploited by criminals; and
“(C) requires a high degree of commitment and cooperation among tribal, Federal, and State law enforcement officials;
“(5)(A) domestic and sexual violence against American Indian and Alaska Native women has reached epidemic proportions;
“(B) 34 percent of American Indian and Alaska Native women will be raped in their lifetimes; and
“(C) 39 percent of American Indian and Alaska Native women will be subject to domestic violence;
“(6) Indian tribes have faced significant increases in instances of domestic violence, burglary, assault, and child abuse as a direct result of increased methamphetamine use on Indian reservations; and
“(7) crime data is a fundamental tool of law enforcement, but for decades the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Department of Justice have not been able to coordinate or consistently report crime and prosecution rates in tribal communities.
“(b) Purposes.—The purposes of this title [see Short Title of 2010 Amendment note above] are—
“(1) to clarify the responsibilities of Federal, State, tribal, and local governments with respect to crimes committed in Indian country;
“(2) to increase coordination and communication among Federal, State, tribal, and local law enforcement agencies;
“(3) to empower tribal governments with the authority, resources, and information necessary to safely and effectively provide public safety in Indian country;
“(4) to reduce the prevalence of violent crime in Indian country and to combat sexual and domestic violence against American Indian and Alaska Native women;
“(5) to prevent drug trafficking and reduce rates of alcohol and drug addiction in Indian country; and
“(6) to increase and standardize the collection of criminal data and the sharing of criminal history information among Federal, State, and tribal officials responsible for responding to and investigating crimes in Indian country.”
Jurisdiction of the State of Alaska
Pub. L. 111–211, title II, § 205,July 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 2264, provided that: “Nothing in this Act [see Tables for classification] limits, alters, expands, or diminishes the civil or criminal jurisdiction of the State of Alaska, any subdivision of the State of Alaska, or any Indian tribe in that State.”
Criminal Jurisdiction Over Non-Indians
Pub. L. 111–211, title II, § 206,July 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 2264, provided that: “Nothing in this Act [see Tables for classification] confers on an Indian tribe criminal jurisdiction over non-Indians.”
Pub. L. 111–211, title II, § 203(a),July 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 2263, provided that: “In this title [see Short Title of 2010 Amendment note above]:
“(1) Indian country.—The term ‘Indian country’ has the meaning given the term in section 1151 of title 18, United States Code.
“(2) Indian tribe.—The term ‘Indian tribe’ has the meaning given the term in section 102 of the Federally Recognized Indian Tribe List Act of 1994 (25 U.S.C. 479a).
“(3) Secretary.—The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of the Interior.
“(4) Tribal government.—The term ‘tribal government’ means the governing body of a federally recognized Indian tribe.”
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