26 U.S. Code § 4980 - Tax on reversion of qualified plan assets to employer
There is hereby imposed a tax of 20 percent of the amount of any employer reversion from a qualified plan.
The tax imposed by subsection (a) shall be paid by the employer maintaining the plan.
The term “employer reversion” means the amount of cash and the fair market value of other property received (directly or indirectly) by an employer from the qualified plan.
If, upon an employer reversion from a qualified plan, any applicable amount is transferred from such plan to an employee stock ownership plan described in section 4975(e)(7) or a tax credit employee stock ownership plan (as described in section 409), such amount shall not be treated as an employer reversion for purposes of this section (or includible in the gross income of the employer) if the requirements of subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D) are met.
The requirements of this subparagraph are met if, within 90 days after the transfer (or such longer period as the Secretary may prescribe), the amount transferred is invested in employer securities (as defined in section 409(l)) or used to repay loans used to purchase such securities.
The requirements of this subparagraph are met if at least half of the participants in the qualified plan are participants in the employee stock ownership plan (as of the close of the 1st plan year for which an allocation of the securities is required).
No credit or deduction shall be allowed under chapter 1 for any amount transferred to an employee stock ownership plan in a transfer to which this paragraph applies.
At least 95 percent of the active participants in the terminated plan who remain as employees of the employer after the termination are active participants in the replacement plan.
Any income on any amount credited to a suspense account under clause (i)(II) shall be allocated to accounts of participants no less rapidly than ratably over the remainder of the period determined under such clause (after application of clause (ii)).
A benefit may not be increased under paragraph (2)(B)(ii) or (3)(A), and an amount may not be allocated to a participant under paragraph (2)(C), if such increase or allocation would result in a failure to meet any requirement under section 401(a)(4) or 415.
Any increase in benefits under paragraph (2)(B)(ii) or (3)(A), or any allocation of any amount (or income allocable thereto) to any account under paragraph (2)(C), shall be treated as an annual benefit or annual addition for purposes of section 415.
Except as provided by the Secretary, section 415(b)(5)(D) shall not apply to any increase in benefits by reason of this subsection to the extent that the application of this subparagraph does not discriminate in favor of highly compensated employees (as defined in section 414(q)).
Present value shall be determined as of the termination date and on the same basis as liabilities of the plan are determined on termination.
Except as provided in paragraph (2)(C), if any benefit increase is reduced by reason of the last sentence of paragraph (3)(A)(ii) or paragraph (4), the amount of such reduction shall be allocated to the remaining participants on the same basis as other increases (and shall be treated as meeting any allocation requirement of this subsection).
This subsection shall not apply to an employer who, as of the termination date of the qualified plan, is in bankruptcy liquidation under chapter 7 of title 11 of the United States Code or in similar proceedings under State law.
2008—Subsec. (c)(2)(B)(iii). Pub. L. 110–458 added cl. (iii).
2006—Subsec. (c)(3)(A). Pub. L. 109–280 substituted “if the requirements of subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D) are met” for “if—
“(i) the requirements of subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D) are met, and
“(ii) under the plan, employer securities to which subparagraph (B) applies must, except to the extent necessary to meet the requirements of section 401(a)(28), remain in the plan until distribution to participants in accordance with the provisions of such plan”.
1996—Subsecs. (a), (d). Pub. L. 104–188 provided that, except as otherwise expressly provided, whenever in title XII of Pub. L. 101–508 an amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal of, a section or other provision, the reference shall be considered to be made to a section or other provision of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. Sections 12001 and 12002(a) of title XII of Pub. L. 101–508 directed the amendment of this section without specifying that the amendment was to the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. See 1990 Amendment note below.
1990—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–508, § 12001, which directed the substitution of “20 percent” for “15 percent” in “section 4980(a)” without specifying the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, was executed to subsec. (a) of this section. See 1996 Amendment note above.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101–508, § 12002(a), which directed the addition of subsec. (d) to “section 4980” without specifying the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, was executed to this section. See 1996 Amendment note above.
1988—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–647, § 6069(a), substituted “15” for “10”.
Subsec. (c)(1)(A). Pub. L. 100–647, § 1011A(f)(1), substituted “subtitle A” for “this subtitle”.
Subsec. (c)(3)(A). Pub. L. 100–647, § 1011A(f)(2), inserted “or a tax credit employee stock ownership plan (as described in section 409)” after “section 4975(e)(7)” in introductory text, and “, except to the extent necessary to meet the requirements of section 401(a)(28),” after “must” in cl. (ii).
Subsec. (c)(3)(C). Pub. L. 100–647, § 1011A(f)(3), struck out “(by reason of the limitations of section 415)” after “not allocated” in introductory text, and inserted sentence at end relating to minimum amount allocated in year of transfer.
Pub. L. 100–647, § 1011A(f)(7), inserted sentence at end relating to dividends on securities held in suspense account.
Subsec. (c)(3)(F), (G). Pub. L. 100–647, § 1011A(f)(6), added subpars. (F) and (G).
Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 100–647, § 5072(a), added par. (4).
Amendment by Pub. L. 110–458 effective as if included in the provisions of Pub. L. 109–280 to which the amendment relates, except as otherwise provided, see section 112 of Pub. L. 110–458, set out as a note under section 72 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 109–280 applicable to plan years beginning after Dec. 31, 2006, with special rules for collectively bargained agreements and certain employer securities held in an ESOP, see section 901(c) of Pub. L. 109–280, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.
Amendment by section 1011A(f)(1)–(3), (6), (7) of Pub. L. 100–647 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provision of the Tax Reform Act of 1986, Pub. L. 99–514, to which such amendment relates, see section 1019(a) of Pub. L. 100–647, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.
For provisions directing that if any amendments made by subtitle A or subtitle C of title XI [§§ 1101–1147 and 1171–1177] or title XVIII [§§ 1800–1899A] of Pub. L. 99–514 require an amendment to any plan, such plan amendment shall not be required to be made before the first plan year beginning on or after Jan. 1, 1989, see section 1140 of Pub. L. 99–514, as amended, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.