26 U.S. Code § 6425 - Adjustment of overpayment of estimated income tax by corporation
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(a) Application of adjustment
(1) Time for filing
A corporation may, after the close of the taxable year and on or before the 15th day of the third month thereafter, and before the day on which it files a return for such taxable year, file an application for an adjustment of an overpayment by it of estimated income tax for such taxable year. An application under this subsection shall not constitute a claim for credit or refund.
(2) Form of application, etc.
An application under this subsection shall be verified in the manner prescribed by section 6065 in the case of a return of the taxpayer, and shall be filed in the manner and form required by regulations prescribed by the Secretary. The application shall set forth—
(B)the amount which, at the time of filing the application, the corporation estimates as its income tax liability for the taxable year,
(b) Allowance of adjustment
(1) Limited examination of application
Within a period of 45 days from the date on which an application for an adjustment is filed under subsection (a), the Secretary shall make, to the extent he deems practicable in such period, a limited examination of the application to discover omissions and errors therein, and shall determine the amount of the adjustment upon the basis of the application and the examination; except that the Secretary may disallow, without further action, any application which he finds contains material omissions or errors which he deems cannot be corrected within such 45 days.
(2) Adjustment credited or refunded
The Secretary, within the 45-day period referred to in paragraph (1), may credit the amount of the adjustment against any liability in respect of an internal revenue tax on the part of the corporation and shall refund the remainder to the corporation.
No application under this section shall be allowed unless the amount of the adjustment equals or exceeds
(A) 10 percent of the amount estimated by the corporation on its application as its income tax liability for the taxable year, and
(4) Effect of adjustment
For purposes of this title (other than section 6655), any adjustment under this section shall be treated as a reduction, in the estimated income tax paid, made on the day the credit is allowed or the refund is paid.
(1)The term “income tax liability” means the excess of—
(A)The  sum of—
(ii)the tax imposed by section 55, plus
(iii)the tax imposed by section 59A, over
(d) Consolidated returns
If the corporation seeking an adjustment under this section paid its estimated income tax on a consolidated basis or expects to make a consolidated return for the taxable year, this section shall apply only to such extent and subject to such conditions, limitations, and exceptions as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe.
 So in original. Probably should not be capitalized.
Source(Added Pub. L. 90–364, title I, § 103(d)(1),June 28, 1968, 82 Stat. 262; amended Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, § 1906(b)(13)(A),Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 99–499, title V, § 516(b)(4)(C),Oct. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 1771; Pub. L. 99–514, title VII, § 701(d)(2),Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2342; Pub. L. 100–203, title X, § 10301(b)(4),Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–429.)
1986—Subsec. (c)(1)(A). Pub. L. 99–514amended subpar. (A) generally, restating existing provisions as cl. (i) and adding cl. (ii).
Pub. L. 99–499amended subsec. (c)(1)(A), as amended by the Tax Reform Act of 1986 (Pub. L. 99–514), by striking out “plus” at end of cl. (i), substituting “plus” for “over” at end of cl. (ii), and adding cl. (iii).
1976—Subsecs. (a), (b), (d). Pub. L. 94–455struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary” wherever appearing.
Effective Date of 1987 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 100–203applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1987, see section 10301(c) ofPub. L. 100–203, set out as a note under section 585 of this title.
Effective Date of 1986 Amendments
Amendment by Pub. L. 99–514applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1986, with certain exceptions and qualifications, see section 701(f) ofPub. L. 99–514, set out as an Effective Date note under section 55 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 99–499applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1986, see section 516(c) ofPub. L. 99–499, set out as a note under section 26 of this title.
Section applicable with respect to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1967, except as provided by section 104 ofPub. L. 90–364, set out as notes under sections 6154 and 51 of this title, see section 103(f) ofPub. L. 90–364, set out as an Effective Date of 1968 Amendment note under section 6154 of this title.
Applicability of Certain Amendments by Pub. L. 99–514 in Relation to Treaty Obligations of United States