26 U.S. Code § 6656 - Failure to make deposit of taxes
In the case of any failure by any person to deposit (as required by this title or by regulations of the Secretary under this title) on the date prescribed therefor any amount of tax imposed by this title in such government depository as is authorized under section 6302(c) to receive such deposit, unless it is shown that such failure is due to reasonable cause and not due to willful neglect, there shall be imposed upon such person a penalty equal to the applicable percentage of the amount of the underpayment.
The Secretary may abate the penalty imposed by subsection (a) with respect to the first time a depositor is required to make a deposit if the amount required to be deposited is inadvertently sent to the Secretary instead of to the appropriate government depository.
A deposit made under this section shall be applied to the most recent period or periods within the specified tax period to which the deposit relates, unless the person making such deposit designates a different period or periods to which such deposit is to be applied.
1998—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 105–206, § 3304(b)(1), amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: “such failure occurs during the 1st quarter that such person was required to deposit any employment tax, and”.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105–206, § 3304(a), added subsec. (e).
Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 105–206, § 3304(c), reenacted heading without change and amended text of par. (1) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “A person may, with respect to any deposit of tax to be reported on such person’s return for a specified tax period, designate the period or periods within such specified tax period to which the deposit is to be applied for purposes of this section.”
1996—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104–168, § 304(a), added subsec. (c).
Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 104–168, § 701(c)(3), substituted “section 7430(c)(4)(A)(ii)” for “section 7430(c)(4)(A)(iii)”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104–168, § 304(a), added subsec. (d).
1989—Pub. L. 101–239 substituted “taxes” for “taxes or overstatement of deposits” as section catchline and amended text generally, revising substance and structure.
1986—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–509 substituted “10 percent” for “5 percent”.
1981—Pub. L. 97–34, § 724(b)(1), inserted “or overstatement of deposits” after “taxes” in section catchline.
Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–34, § 724(b)(3), substituted “Underpayment of deposits” for “Penalty” in heading.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97–34, § 724(a), substituted provisions relating to conditions for imposition of penalties for overstated deposit claims and definition of “overstated deposit claim”, for provisions relating to imposition of penalties after due date for return.
1976—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94–455 struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.
1969—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 91–172 substituted provisions imposing a penalty of five percent for the failure to deposit on the date prescribed any amount of tax imposed by this title, for provisions imposing a penalty of one percent of the amount of underpayment each month but not to exceed six percent in the aggregate.
Amendment by section 701(c)(3) of Pub. L. 104–168 applicable in case of proceedings commenced after July 30, 1996, see section 701(d) of Pub. L. 104–168, set out as a note under section 6404 of this title.