26 U.S. Code § 7122 - Compromises
The Secretary may compromise any civil or criminal case arising under the internal revenue laws prior to reference to the Department of Justice for prosecution or defense; and the Attorney General or his delegate may compromise any such case after reference to the Department of Justice for prosecution or defense.
The submission of any lump-sum offer-in-compromise shall be accompanied by the payment of 20 percent of the amount of such offer.
The submission of any periodic payment offer-in-compromise shall be accompanied by the payment of the amount of the first proposed installment.
Any failure to make an installment (other than the first installment) due under such offer-in-compromise during the period such offer is being evaluated by the Secretary may be treated by the Secretary as a withdrawal of such offer-in-compromise.
The application of any payment made under this subsection to the assessed tax or other amounts imposed under this title with respect to such tax may be specified by the taxpayer.
In the case of any assessed tax or other amounts imposed under this title with respect to such tax which is the subject of an offer-in-compromise to which this subsection applies, such tax or other amounts shall be reduced by any user fee imposed under this title with respect to such offer-in-compromise.
The Secretary shall prescribe guidelines for officers and employees of the Internal Revenue Service to determine whether an offer-in-compromise is adequate and should be accepted to resolve a dispute.
In prescribing guidelines under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall develop and publish schedules of national and local allowances designed to provide that taxpayers entering into a compromise have an adequate means to provide for basic living expenses.
The guidelines shall provide that officers and employees of the Internal Revenue Service shall determine, on the basis of the facts and circumstances of each taxpayer, whether the use of the schedules published under subparagraph (A) is appropriate and shall not use the schedules to the extent such use would result in the taxpayer not having adequate means to provide for basic living expenses.
Any offer-in-compromise submitted under this section shall be deemed to be accepted by the Secretary if such offer is not rejected by the Secretary before the date which is 24 months after the date of the submission of such offer. For purposes of the preceding sentence, any period during which any tax liability which is the subject of such offer-in-compromise is in dispute in any judicial proceeding shall not be taken into account in determining the expiration of the 24-month period.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, if the Secretary determines that any portion of an application for an offer-in-compromise or installment agreement submitted under this section or section 6159 meets the requirement of clause (i) or (ii) of section 6702(b)(2)(A), then the Secretary may treat such portion as if it were never submitted and such portion shall not be subject to any further administrative or judicial review.
2014—Subsecs. (f), (g). Pub. L. 113–295 redesignated subsec. (f) relating to frivolous submissions as (g).
2006—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 109–222, § 509(a), added subsec. (c). Former subsec. (c) redesignated (d).
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 109–222, § 509(a), redesignated subsec. (c) as (d). Former subsec. (d) redesignated (e).
Subsec. (d)(3)(C). Pub. L. 109–222, § 509(b)(1), added subpar. (C).
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 109–222, § 509(a), redesignated subsec. (d) as (e).
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 109–432 added subsec. (f) relating to frivolous submissions.
Pub. L. 109–222, § 509(b)(2), added subsec. (f) relating to deemed acceptance of offer not rejected within certain period.
1998—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105–206, § 3462(a), added subsec. (c).
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105–206, § 3462(c)(1), added subsec. (d).
1996—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104–168 substituted “$50,000. However, such compromise shall be subject to continuing quality review by the Secretary.” for “$500.”
1976—Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 94–455 struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.
Amendment by Pub. L. 109–432 applicable to submissions made and issues raised after the date on which the Secretary first prescribes a list under section 6702(c) of this title, see section 407(f) of Pub. L. 109–432, set out as a note under section 6320 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 109–222 applicable to offers-in-compromise submitted on and after the date which is 60 days after May 17, 2006, see section 509(d) of Pub. L. 109–222, set out as a note under section 6159 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 105–206 applicable to proposed offers-in-compromise and installment agreements submitted after July 22, 1998, see section 3462(e)(1) of Pub. L. 105–206, set out as a note under section 6331 of this title.
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