26 U.S. Code § 986 - Determination of foreign taxes and foreign corporation’s earnings and profits
For purposes of determining the amount of the foreign tax credit, in the case of a taxpayer who takes foreign income taxes into account when accrued, the amount of any foreign income taxes (and any adjustment thereto) shall be translated into dollars by using the average exchange rate for the taxable year to which such taxes relate.
Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to any foreign income taxes the liability for which is denominated in any inflationary currency (as determined under regulations).
At the election of the taxpayer, subparagraph (A) shall not apply to any foreign income taxes the liability for which is denominated in any currency other than in the taxpayer’s functional currency.
An election under this subparagraph may apply to foreign income taxes attributable to a qualified business unit in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary.
In the case of a regulated investment company which takes into account income on an accrual basis, subparagraphs (A) through (D) shall not apply and foreign income taxes paid or accrued with respect to such income shall be translated into dollars using the exchange rate as of the date the income accrues.
To the extent prescribed in regulations, the average exchange rate for the period (specified in such regulations) during which the taxes or adjustment is paid may be used instead of the exchange rate as of the time of such payment.
Foreign currency gain or loss with respect to distributions of previously taxed earnings and profits (as described in section 959 or 1293(c)) attributable to movements in exchange rates between the times of deemed and actual distribution shall be recognized and treated as ordinary income or loss from the same source as the associated income inclusion.
2004—Subsec. (a)(1)(D). Pub. L. 108–357, § 408(a), added subpar. (D). Former subpar. (D) redesignated (E).
Subsec. (a)(1)(E). Pub. L. 108–357, § 408(b)(1), added subpar. (E). Former subpar. (E) redesignated (F).
Pub. L. 108–357, § 408(a), redesignated subpar. (D) as (E).
Subsec. (a)(1)(F). Pub. L. 108–357, § 408(b)(1), redesignated subpar. (E) as (F).
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 108–357, § 408(b)(2), inserted “or (E)” after “subparagraph (A)” in introductory provisions.
1997—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105–34, § 1102(a)(1), amended subsec. (a) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (a) read as follows:
“(a) Foreign Taxes.—
“(1) In general.—For purposes of determining the amount of the foreign tax credit—
“(A) any foreign income taxes shall be translated into dollars using the exchange rates as of the time such taxes were paid to the foreign country or possession of the United States, and
“(B) any adjustment to the amount of foreign income taxes shall be translated into dollars using—
“(i) except as provided in clause (ii), the exchange rate as of the time when such adjustment is paid to the foreign country or possession, or
“(ii) in the case of any refund or credit of foreign income taxes, using the exchange rate as of the time of original payment of such foreign income taxes.
“(2) Foreign income taxes.—For purposes of paragraph (1), ‘foreign income taxes’ means any income, war profits, or excess profits taxes paid to any foreign country or to any possession of the United States.”
Subsec. (a)(3), (4). Pub. L. 105–34, § 1102(b)(1), added par. (3) and redesignated former par. (3) as (4).
1988—Pub. L. 100–647 substituted “foreign taxes and foreign corporation’s earnings and profits” for “foreign corporation’s earnings and profits and foreign taxes” in heading, and revised and restructured the provisions of subsecs. (a) and (b).
Amendment by Pub. L. 100–647 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provision of the Tax Reform Act of 1986, Pub. L. 99–514, to which such amendment relates, see section 1019(a) of Pub. L. 100–647, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.
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