28 U.S. Code § 255 - Three-judge trials
(a) Upon application of any party to a civil action, or upon his own initiative, the chief judge of the Court of International Trade shall designate any three judges of the court to hear and determine any civil action which the chief judge finds:
(1) raises an issue of the constitutionality of an Act of Congress, a proclamation of the President or an Executive order; or
(2) has broad or significant implications in the administration or interpretation of the customs laws.
Source(Added Pub. L. 91–271, title I, § 108,June 2, 1970, 84 Stat. 277; amended Pub. L. 96–417, title V, § 501(5),Oct. 10, 1980, 94 Stat. 1742.)
1980—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 96–417redesignated the Customs Court as the Court of International Trade.
Effective Date of 1980 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 96–417effective Nov. 1, 1980, and applicable with respect to civil actions pending on or commenced on or after such date, see section 701(a) ofPub. L. 96–417, set out as a note under section 251 of this title.