30 U.S. Code § 901 - Congressional findings and declaration of purpose; short title
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(a) Congress finds and declares that there are a significant number of coal miners living today who are totally disabled due to pneumoconiosis arising out of employment in one or more of the Nation’s coal mines; that there are a number of survivors of coal miners whose deaths were due to this disease; and that few States provide benefits for death or disability due to this disease to coal miners or their surviving dependents. It is, therefore, the purpose of this subchapter to provide benefits, in cooperation with the States, to coal miners who are totally disabled due to pneumoconiosis and to the surviving dependents of miners whose death was due to such disease; and to ensure that in the future adequate benefits are provided to coal miners and their dependents in the event of their death or total disability due to pneumoconiosis.
Source(Pub. L. 91–173, title IV, § 401,Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 792; Pub. L. 92–303, §§ 3(a), 4 (b)(2),May 19, 1972, 86 Stat. 153, 154; Pub. L. 95–239, § 16,Mar. 1, 1978, 92 Stat. 105; Pub. L. 97–119, title II, § 203(a)(4),Dec. 29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1644.)
1981—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–119struck out “or who were totally disabled by this disease at the time of their deaths” after “due to this disease” and “due to such disease”.
1978—Pub. L. 95–239designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and added subsec. (b).
1972—Pub. L. 92–303, § 3(a), inserted “or who were totally disabled by this disease at the time of their deaths” after “disease” the first and third times it appeared and struck out “underground” before “coal mines”.
Effective Date of 1981 Amendment
Pub. L. 97–119, title II, § 206(a),Dec. 29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1645, provided that: “Except as otherwise provided, the provisions of this title [see Short Title of 1981 Amendment note set out under section 801 of this title] shall take effect on January 1, 1982.”
Effective Date of 1978 Amendment
Pub. L. 95–239, § 20(a),Mar. 1, 1978, 92 Stat. 106, provided that: “The provisions of this Act [see Short Title of 1978 Amendment note set out under section 801 of this title] shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act [Mar. 1, 1978].”
Effective Date of 1972 Amendment
Pub. L. 92–303, § 3(c),May 19, 1972, 86 Stat. 153, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 902, 921, 932, and 933 of this title] shall be effective as of December 30, 1969.”
Amendment by section 4(b)(2) ofPub. L. 92–303effective Dec. 30, 1969, see section 4(g) ofPub. L. 92–303, set out as a note under section 921 of this title.
Subchapter effective Dec. 30, 1969, see section 509 ofPub. L. 91–173, set out as a note under section 801 of this title.
Pub. L. 97–119, title II, § 206(b),Dec. 29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1645, provided that: “If any provision of this title [see Short Title of 1981 Amendment note, set out under section 801 of this title], or the application of such provision to any person or circumstance, shall be held invalid, the remainder of this title, or the application of such provision to persons or circumstances other than those to which it is held invalid, shall not be affected thereby.”
Special Benefits for Disabled Coal Miners
Pub. L. 102–394, title II, Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat. 1806, provided that: “For carrying out title IV of the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 [30 U.S.C. 901 et seq.], including for fiscal year 1993 and thereafter the payment of travel expenses on an actual cost or commuted basis, to an individual, for travel incident to medical examinations, and when travel of more than 75 miles is required, to parties, their representatives, and all reasonably necessary witnesses for travel within the United States, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, to reconsideration interviews and to proceedings before administrative law judges, $601,313,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That monthly benefit payments for fiscal year 1993 and thereafter shall be paid consistent with section 215(g) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 415 (g)].”
Study of Current Medical Methods for Diagnosis of Pneumoconiosis and Nature and Extent of Impairment Attributable to Simple and Complicated Pneumoconiosis; Report to Congress
Pub. L. 97–119, title II, § 202(e),Dec. 29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1643, directed Secretary of Labor, in consultation with Secretary of Health and Human Services, to undertake a study of current medical methods for diagnosis of pneumoconiosis, and of nature and extent of impairment and disability that are attributable to the existence of both simple and complicated pneumoconiosis, with study, together with appropriate recommendations, to be transmitted to Congress no later than eighteen months after Jan. 1, 1982.
Study of Benefits Under This Subchapter, Other Benefits Received, and Benefits if State Workers’ Compensation Programs Applicable; Report to Congress
Pub. L. 97–119, title II, § 203(c),Dec. 29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1644, directed Secretary of Labor to undertake a study of the benefits provided by this subchapter, other benefits received by individuals who receive benefits under this subchapter, and benefits which would be received were State workers’ compensation programs applicable in lieu of benefits under this subchapter, with study, together with appropriate recommendations, to be transmitted to Congress no later than eighteen months after Jan. 1, 1982.
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