42 U.S. Code § 1206 - “Aid to the blind” defined
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For the purposes of this subchapter, the term “aid to the blind” means money payments to blind individuals who are needy, but does not include any such payments to or care in behalf of any individual who is an inmate of a public institution (except as a patient in a medical institution) or any individual who is a patient in an institution for tuberculosis or mental diseases. Such term also includes payments which are not included within the meaning of such term under the preceding sentence, but which would be so included except that they are made on behalf of such a needy individual to another individual who (as determined in accordance with standards prescribed by the Secretary) is interested in or concerned with the welfare of such needy individual, but only with respect to a State whose State plan approved under section 1202 of this title includes provision for—
(1) determination by the State agency that such needy individual has, by reason of his physical or mental condition, such inability to manage funds that making payments to him would be contrary to his welfare and, therefore, it is necessary to provide such aid through payments described in this sentence;
(2) making such payments only in cases in which such payments will, under the rules otherwise applicable under the State plan for determining need and the amount of aid to the blind to be paid (and in conjunction with other income and resources), meet all the need  of the individuals with respect to whom such payments are made;
(3) undertaking and continuing special efforts to protect the welfare of such individual and to improve, to the extent possible, his capacity for self-care and to manage funds;
(4) periodic review by such State agency of the determination under paragraph (1) of this subsection to ascertain whether conditions justifying such determination still exist, with provision for termination of such payments if they do not and for seeking judicial appointment of a guardian or other legal representative, as described in section 1311 of this title, if and when it appears that such action will best serve the interests of such needy individual; and
(5) opportunity for a fair hearing before the State agency on the determination referred to in paragraph (1) of this subsection for any individual with respect to whom it is made.
At the option of a State (if its plan approved under this subchapter so provides), such term
(i) need not include money payments to an individual who has been absent from such State for a period in excess of 90 consecutive days (regardless of whether he has maintained his residence in such State during such period) until he has been present in such State for 30 consecutive days in the case of such an individual who has maintained his residence in such State during such period or 90 consecutive days in the case of any other such individual, and
(ii) may include rent payments made directly to a public housing agency on behalf of a recipient or a group or groups of recipients of aid under such plan.
 So in original. Probably should be “needs”.
Source(Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title X, § 1006,49 Stat. 647; Aug. 10, 1939, ch. 666, title VII, § 703,53 Stat. 1398; Aug. 28, 1950, ch. 809, title III, pt. 4, § 343(a),64 Stat. 554; Pub. L. 87–543, title I, § 156(c),July 25, 1962, 76 Stat. 207; Pub. L. 89–97, title II, § 221(b), title IV, § 402(c),July 30, 1965, 79 Stat. 358, 416; Pub. L. 92–603, title IV, §§ 408(b), 409(b), Oct. 30, 1972, 86 Stat. 1490; Pub. L. 97–35, title XXI, § 2184(c)(3),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 817.)
Repeal of Section
Pub. L. 92–603, title III, § 303(a), (b),Oct. 30, 1972, 86 Stat. 1484, provided that this section is repealed effective Jan. 1, 1974, except with respect to Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Virgin Islands.
1981—Pub. L. 97–35struck out in provision preceding par. (1) “, or (if provided in or after the third month before the month in which the recipient makes application for aid) medical care in behalf of or any type of remedial care recognized under State law in behalf of,” after “money payments to”.
1972—Pub. L. 92–603authorized the State, at its option, to include within term “aid to the blind” provisions relating to money payments to an individual absent from such State for more than 90 consecutive days, and provisions relating to rent payments made directly to a public housing agency.
1965—Pub. L. 89–97struck out from definition of “aid to the blind” the exclusion of payments to or medical care in behalf of any individual who has been diagnosed as having tuberculosis or psychosis and is a patient in a medical institution as a result thereof; and extended definition of “aid to the blind” to include payments made on behalf of the needy individual to another individual who (as determined in accordance with standards determined by the Secretary) is interested in or concerned with the welfare of such needy individual and enumerated the five characteristics required of State plans under which such payments can be made, including provision for finding of inability to manage funds, payment to meet all needs of the individual, special efforts to protect welfare, periodic review, and opportunity for fair hearing, respectively.
1962—Pub. L. 87–543inserted “(if provided in or after the third month before the month in which the recipient makes application for aid)” before “medical care”.
1950—Act Aug. 28, 1950, redefined “aid to the blind”.
1939—Act Aug. 10, 1939, redefined “aid to the blind” to include those individuals who are needy.
Effective Date of 1965 Amendment
Amendment by section 221(b) ofPub. L. 89–97applicable in the case of expenditures made after Dec. 31, 1965, under a State plan approved under this subchapter, see section 221(e) ofPub. L. 89–97, set out as a note under section 302 of this title.
Amendment by section 402(c) ofPub. L. 89–97applicable in the case of expenditures made after December 31, 1965, under a State plan approved under subchapters I, X, XIV, or XVI of this chapter, see section 402(e) ofPub. L. 89–97, set out as a note under section 306 of this title.
Effective Date of 1962 Amendment
Amendment by section 156(c) ofPub. L. 87–543applicable in the case of applications made after Sept. 30, 1962, under a State plan approved under subchapter I, IV, X, or XIV of this chapter, see section 156(e) ofPub. L. 87–543, set out as a note under section 306 of this title.
Effective Date of 1950 Amendment
Act Aug. 28, 1950, ch. 809, title III, § 343(b),64 Stat. 554, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect October 1, 1950, except that the exclusion of money payments to needy individuals described in [former] clause (a) or (b) of section 1006 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1206] as so amended shall, in the case of any of such individuals who are not patients in a public institution, be effective July 1, 1952.”
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