42 U.S. Code § 12821 - Downpayment assistance initiative
prev | next
In this section:
(1) Downpayment assistance
The term “downpayment assistance” means assistance to help a family acquire a principal residence.
(2) Home repairs
The term “home repairs” means capital improvements or repairs that—
(A) are identified in an appraisal or home inspection completed in conjunction with a home purchase; or
(3) Participating jurisdiction
The term “participating jurisdiction” means a State or unit of general local government designated under section 12746 of this title.
(b) Grant authority
The Secretary may award grants to participating jurisdictions to assist low-income families to achieve homeownership, in accordance with this section.
(c) Eligible activities
(1) In general
(A) Downpayment assistance
Subject to subparagraph (B), grants awarded under this section may be used only for downpayment assistance toward the purchase of single family housing (including 1 to 4 unit family dwelling units, condominium units, cooperative units, and manufactured housing units which are located on land which is owned by the manufactured housing unit owner, owned as a cooperative, or is subject to a leasehold interest with a term equal to at least the term of the mortgage financing on the unit, and manufactured housing lots) by low-income families who are first-time home-buyers.
(A) Amount of assistance
The amount of assistance provided to any low-income families under paragraph (1) shall not exceed the greater of—
A participating jurisdiction may not use any amount of a grant awarded under this section to provide funding to an entity or organization that provides downpayment assistance if the activities of that entity or organization are financed in whole or in part, directly or indirectly, by contributions, service fees, or other payments from the sellers of housing.
(d) Formula allocation
(1) In general
For each fiscal year, the Secretary shall allocate any amounts made available for assistance under this section to each State that is a participating jurisdiction in an amount equal to a percentage of the total allocation that is equal to the percentage of the national total of low-income households residing in rental housing in the State, as determined on the basis of the most recent census data compiled by the Bureau of the Census.
(2) Participating jurisdictions other than States
(A) In general
Subject to subparagraph (B), for each fiscal year, of the amount allocated to each State under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall further allocate from such amount to each participating jurisdiction located within such State an amount equal to the percentage of the allocation made to the State under paragraph (1) that is equal to the percentage of the State-wide total of low-income households residing in rental housing in such participating jurisdiction, as determined on the basis of the most recent census data compiled by the Bureau of the Census.
(i) In general Direct allocations made under subparagraph (A) shall be made to a local participating jurisdiction only if—
(I) the participating jurisdiction has a total population of 150,000 individuals or more, as determined on the basis of the most recent census data compiled by the Bureau of the Census; or
If any amounts allocated to a participating jurisdiction under this section become available for reallocation, the amounts shall be reallocated to other participating jurisdictions in accordance with subsection (d) of this section.
(f) Applicability of other provisions
(1) In general
Except as otherwise provided in this section, grants made under this section shall not be subject to the provisions of this subchapter.
(2) Applicable provisions
In addition to the requirements of this section, grants made under this section shall be subject to the provisions of subchapter I of this chapter, sections 12745(b), 12748, 12749, 12751, 12753, 12754, and 12756(a) of part A of this subchapter, and part F of this subchapter.
In applying the requirements of part A of this subchapter referred to in paragraph (2)—
(A) any references to funds under part A of this subchapter shall be considered to refer to amounts made available for assistance under this section; and
(g) Housing strategy
To be eligible to receive a grant under this section in any fiscal year, a participating jurisdiction shall include in its comprehensive housing affordability strategy developed under section 12705 of this title for such fiscal year—
(2) a plan for conducting targeted outreach to residents and tenants of public housing, trailer parks, and manufactured housing, and to other families assisted by public housing agencies, for the purpose of ensuring that grant amounts provided under this section to a participating jurisdiction are used for downpayment assistance for such residents, tenants, and families; and
Not later than June 30, 2006, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit a report containing a State-by-State analysis of the impact of grants awarded under this section to—
The Secretary shall have no authority to make grants under this section after December 31, 2011.
(j) Relocation assistance and downpayment assistance
Source(Pub. L. 101–625, title II, § 271,Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4124; Pub. L. 108–186, title I, § 102,Dec. 16, 2003, 117 Stat. 2686; Pub. L. 111–8, div. I, title II, § 229(4),Mar. 11, 2009, 123 Stat. 978.)
References in Text
The Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970, referred to in subsec. (j), is Pub. L. 91–646, Jan. 2, 1971, 84 Stat. 1894, which is classified principally to chapter 61 (§ 4601 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 4601 of this title and Tables.
2009—Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 111–8substituted “section after December 31, 2011” for “Act after December 31, 2007”.
2003—Pub. L. 108–186amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section required the Comptroller General to carry out a study of ways in which financing for affordable housing may be made available to assist in the most efficient implementation of comprehensive housing affordability strategies of participating jurisdictions and to submit to Congress and the Secretary, not later than one year after Nov. 28, 1990, a report containing any recommendations for legislative or administrative actions needed to improve the availability of mortgage finance for affordable housing.