42 U.S. Code § 1490p - Accountability
(a) Notice regarding assistance
(1) Publication of notice of availability
The Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register notice of the availability of any assistance under any program or discretionary fund administered by the Secretary under this subchapter.
(2) Publication of application procedures
The Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register a description of the form and procedures by which application for the assistance may be made, and any deadlines relating to the award or allocation of the assistance. Such description shall be sufficient to enable any eligible applicant to apply for such assistance.
(3) Publication of selection criteria
Not less than 30 days before any deadline by which applications or requests for assistance under any program or discretionary fund administered by the Secretary must be submitted, the Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register the criteria by which selection for the assistance will be made. Such criteria shall include any objective measures of housing need, project merit, or efficient use of resources that the Secretary determines are appropriate and consistent with the statute under which the assistance is made available.
(4) Documentation of decisions
(A) The Secretary shall award or allocate assistance only in response to a written application in a form approved in advance by the Secretary, except where other award or allocation procedures are specified in statute.
(B) The Secretary shall ensure that documentation and other information regarding each application for assistance is sufficient to indicate the basis on which any award or allocation was made or denied. The preceding sentence shall apply to—
(i) any application for an award or allocation of assistance made by the Secretary to a State, unit of general local government, or other recipient of assistance, and
(C) The Secretary shall ensure that each application and all related documentation and other information referred to in subparagraph (B) is readily available for public inspection for a period of not less than 10 years, beginning not less than 30 days following the date on which the award or allocation is made.
(5) Emergency exception
The Secretary may waive the requirements of paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) if the Secretary determines that the waiver is required for adequate response to an emergency. Not less than 30 days after providing a waiver under the preceding sentence, the Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register the Secretary’s reasons for so doing.
(b) Disclosures by applicants
The Secretary shall require the disclosure of information with respect to any application for assistance under this subchapter submitted by any applicant who has received or, in the determination of the Secretary, can reasonably be expected to receive assistance under this subchapter in excess of $200,000 in the aggregate during any fiscal year. Such information shall include the following:
(1) Other government assistance
Information regarding any related assistance from the Federal Government, a State, or a unit of general local government, or any agency or instrumentality thereof, that is expected to be made available with respect to the project or activities for which the applicant is seeking assistance under this subchapter. Such related assistance shall include but not be limited to any loan, grant, guarantee, insurance, payment, rebate, subsidy, credit, tax benefit, or any other form of direct or indirect assistance.
(2) Interested parties
The name and pecuniary interest of any person who has a pecuniary interest in the project or activities for which the applicant is seeking assistance. Persons with a pecuniary interest in the project or activity shall include but not be limited to any developers, contractors, and consultants involved in the application for assistance under this subchapter or the planning, development, or implementation of the project or activity. For purposes of this paragraph, residency of an individual in housing for which assistance is being sought shall not, by itself, be considered a pecuniary interest.
(c) Updating of disclosure
During the period when an application is pending or assistance is being provided, the applicant shall update the disclosure required under the previous subsection within 30 days of any substantial change.
(e) Remedies and penalties
(1) Administrative remedies
If the Secretary receives or obtains information providing a reasonable basis to believe that a violation of subsection (b), (c), or (d) this  section has occurred, the Secretary shall—
(A) in the case of a selection that has not been made, determine whether to terminate the selection process or take other appropriate actions; and
(B) in the case of a selection that has been made, determine whether to—
(i) void or rescind the selection, subject to review and determination on the record after opportunity for a hearing;
(ii) impose sanctions upon the violator, including debarment, subject to review and determination on the record after opportunity for a hearing;
The Secretary shall publish in the Federal Register a descriptive statement of each determination made and action taken under this paragraph.
(2) Civil penalties
Whoever violates any section  of this section shall be subject to the imposition of a civil penalty in a civil action brought by the United States in an appropriate district court of the United States. A civil penalty under this paragraph may not exceed—
(3) Deposit of penalties in insurance funds
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, all civil money penalties collected under this section shall be deposited in the Rural Housing Insurance Fund.
(4) Nonexclusiveness of remedies
This subsection may not be construed to limit the applicability of any requirements, sanctions, penalties, or remedies established under any other law. The Secretary shall not be relieved of any obligation to carry out the requirements of this section because such other requirements, sanctions, penalties, or remedies apply.
(f) Limitation of assistance
The Secretary shall certify that assistance provided by the Secretary to any housing project shall not be more than is necessary to provide affordable housing after taking account of assistance from all Federal, State, and local sources. The Secretary shall adjust the amount of assistance provided to an applicant to compensate for any changes reported under subsection (c) of this section.
Not less than 180 days following December 15, 1989, the Secretary shall promulgate regulations to implement this section.
(h) “Assistance” defined
For purposes of this section, the term “assistance” means any housing grant, loan, guarantee, insurance, rebate, subsidy, tax credit benefit, or other form of direct or indirect assistance, for the original construction or development of the project.
(i) Report by Secretary
The Secretary shall submit to the Congress, not later than 180 days following December 15, 1989, a report describing actions taken to carry out this section, including actions to inform and educate officers and employees of the Department of Agriculture regarding the provisions of this section.
 So in original. Probably should be “of this”.
 So in original. Probably should be “subsection”.
Source(July 15, 1949, ch. 338, title V, § 536, as added Pub. L. 101–235, title IV, § 401(a),Dec. 15, 1989, 103 Stat. 2045; amended Pub. L. 101–625, title VII, § 719(a),Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4297; Pub. L. 104–65, § 11(b)(2),Dec. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 701.)
December 15, 1989, referred to in subsec. (g), was in the original “the date of enactment of this Act”, which was translated as meaning the date of enactment of Pub. L. 101–235, which enacted this section, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.
1995—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104–65struck out subsec. (d) which related to regulation of lobbyists and consultants.
1990—Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 101–625inserted before period at end “, for the original construction or development of the project”.
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 104–65effective Jan. 1, 1996, except as otherwise provided, see section 24 ofPub. L. 104–65, set out as an Effective Date note under section 1601 of Title 2, The Congress.