42 U.S. Code § 16537 - Distinguished scientist program
The purpose of this section is to promote scientific and academic excellence through collaborations between institutions of higher education and National Laboratories.
The Secretary shall establish a program to support the joint appointment of distinguished scientists by institutions of higher education and National Laboratories.
To be eligible for appointment as a distinguished scientist under this section, an individual, by reason of professional background and experience, shall be able to bring international recognition to the appointing institution of higher education or National Laboratory in the field of scientific endeavor of the individual.
A distinguished scientist appointed under this section shall be selected through an open, competitive process.
An appointment by an institution of higher education under this section shall be filled within the tenure allotment of the institution of higher education, at a minimum rank of professor.
The appointment of a distinguished scientist under this section shall be reviewed at the end of the first 3-year allotment for the distinguished scientist through an open peer-review process to determine whether the appointment is meeting the purpose of this section under subsection (a).
To be eligible for assistance under this section, an appointing institution of higher education shall pay at least 50 percent of the total costs of the appointment.