42 U.S. Code § 17284 - Assessment of resources
(a) 5-year plan
The Administrator of the Energy Information Administration (referred to in this section as the “Administrator”) shall establish a 5-year plan to enhance the quality and scope of the data collection necessary to ensure the scope, accuracy, and timeliness of the information needed for efficient functioning of energy markets and related financial operations.
In establishing the plan under paragraph (1), the Administrator shall pay particular attention to—
(b) Submission to Congress
The Administrator shall submit to Congress the plan established under subsection (a), including a description of any improvements needed to enhance the ability of the Administrator to collect and process energy information in a manner consistent with the needs of energy markets.
(1) In general
The Administrator shall—
(A) establish guidelines to ensure the quality, comparability, and scope of State energy data, including data on energy production and consumption by product and sector and renewable and alternative sources, required to provide a comprehensive, accurate energy profile at the State level;
(B) share company-level data collected at the State level with each State involved, in a manner consistent with the legal authorities, confidentiality protections, and stated uses in effect at the time the data were collected, subject to the condition that the State shall agree to reasonable requirements for use of the data, as the Administrator may require;
(C) assess any existing gaps in data obtained and compiled by the Energy Information Administration; and
(d) Assessment of State data needs
Not later than 1 year after December 19, 2007, the Administrator shall submit to Congress an assessment of State-level data needs, including a plan to address the needs.
(e) Authorization of appropriations
In addition to any other amounts made available to the Administrator, there are authorized to be appropriated to the Administrator to carry out this section—