42 U.S. Code § 1872 - International cooperation and coordination with foreign policy
(a) The Foundation is authorized to cooperate in any international scientific or engineering activities consistent with the purposes of this chapter and to expend for such international scientific or engineering activities such sums within the limit of appropriated funds as the Foundation may deem desirable. The Director may defray the expenses of representatives of Government agencies and other organizations and of individual scientists or engineers to accredited international scientific or engineering congresses and meetings whenever he deem  it necessary in the promotion of the objectives of this chapter. In this connection, with the approval of the Secretary of State, the Foundation may undertake programs granting fellowships to, or making other similar arrangements with, foreign nationals for study and research in the sciences or in engineering in the United States without regard to section 1869 of this title or the affidavit of allegiance to the United States required by section 1874 (d)(2)  of this title.
(1) The authority to enter into contracts or other arrangements with organizations or individuals in foreign countries and with agencies of foreign countries, as provided in section 1870 (c) of this title, and the authority to cooperate in international scientific or engineering activities as provided in subsection (a) of this section, shall be exercised only with the approval of the Secretary of State, to the end that such authority shall be exercised in such manner as is consistent with the foreign policy objectives of the United States.
 So in original. Probably should be “deems”.
 See References in Text note below.
Source(May 10, 1950, ch. 171, § 13,64 Stat. 154; Pub. L. 86–232, § 7,Sept. 8, 1959, 73 Stat. 468; Pub. L. 90–407, § 10,July 18, 1968, 82 Stat. 365; Pub. L. 99–159, title I, § 110(a)(16), (17),Nov. 22, 1985, 99 Stat. 891.)
References in Text
Section 1874 (d)(2) of this title, referred to in subsec. (a), was redesignated section 1874 (c)(2) by Pub. L. 96–516, § 21(b)(2),Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 3010.
1985—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–159, § 110(a)(16), inserted “or engineering” after “scientific” the first three places appearing and “or engineers” after “scientists” and substituted “study and research in the sciences or in engineering” for “scientific study or scientific work”.
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 99–159, § 110(a)(17), inserted reference to engineering.
1968—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 90–407struck out “, with the approval of the Board,” after “The Director”, and substituted “section 15(d)(2) of this Act” for “section 16(d)(2) of this Act”, which resulted in no change in text because, for purposes of classification, provision was translated as “section 1874 (d)(2) of this title”.
1959—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 86–232authorized the Foundation, with approval of the Secretary of State, to cooperate in scientific activities rather than scientific research activities, and to grant fellowships or make other arrangements with foreign nationals for scientific study or scientific work in the United States.
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 86–232struck out “research” from phrase “scientific research activities”.
Continuation of Existing Offices, Procedures, and Organization of the National Science Foundation