42 U.S. Code § 254c–14 - Telehealth network and telehealth resource centers grant programs
The terms “Director” and “Office” mean the Director and Office specified in subsection (c) of this section.
The term “Federally qualified health center” and “rural health clinic” have the meanings given the terms in section 1395x(aa) of this title.
The term “frontier community” shall have the meaning given the term in regulations issued under subsection (r) of this section.
The term “medically underserved area” has the meaning given the term “medically underserved community” in section 295p(6) of this title.
The term “medically underserved population” has the meaning given the term in section 254b(b)(3) of this title.
The term “telehealth services” means services provided through telehealth technologies.
The term “telehealth technologies” means technologies relating to the use of electronic information, and telecommunications technologies, to support and promote, at a distance, health care, patient and professional health-related education, health administration, and public health.
The Secretary shall establish, under section 241 of this title, telehealth network and telehealth resource centers grant programs.
There is established in the Health Resources and Services Administration an Office for the Advancement of Telehealth. The Office shall be headed by a Director.
The telehealth network and telehealth resource centers grant programs established under section 241 of this title shall be administered by the Director, in consultation with the State offices of rural health, State offices concerning primary care, or other appropriate State government entities.
The Director may, in carrying out the telehealth resource centers grant program referred to in subsection (b) of this section, award grants to eligible entities for projects to demonstrate how telehealth technologies can be used in the areas and communities, and for the populations, described in paragraph (1), to establish telehealth resource centers.
The Director may award grants under this section for periods of not more than 4 years.
To be eligible to receive a grant under subsection (d)(1) of this section, an entity shall be a nonprofit entity.
To be eligible to receive a grant under subsection (d)(1) of this section, an entity shall demonstrate that the entity will provide services through a telehealth network.
Each entity participating in the telehealth network may be a nonprofit or for-profit entity.
The Secretary shall establish the terms and conditions of each grant program described in subsection (b) of this section and the maximum amount of a grant to be awarded to an individual recipient for each fiscal year under this section. The Secretary shall publish, in a publication of the Health Resources and Services Administration, notice of the application requirements for each grant program described in subsection (b) of this section for each fiscal year.
The eligible entity is a rural community-based organization or another community-based organization.
The eligible entity proposes to use Federal funds made available through such a grant to develop plans for, or to establish, telehealth networks that provide mental health, public health, long-term care, home care, preventive, case management services, or prenatal care for high-risk pregnancies.
The eligible entity demonstrates how the project to be carried out under the grant will be coordinated with other relevant federally funded projects in the areas, communities, and populations to be served through the grant.
The eligible entity proposes a project that promotes local connectivity within areas, communities, or populations to be served through the project.
The eligible entity has a record of success in the provision of telehealth services to medically underserved areas or medically underserved populations.
The eligible entity has a demonstrated record of collaborating and sharing expertise with providers of telehealth services at the national, regional, State, and local levels.
In awarding grants under this section, the Director shall ensure, to the greatest extent possible, that such grants are equitably distributed among the geographical regions of the United States.
The Secretary shall coordinate activities carried out under grant programs described in subsection (b) of this section, to the extent practicable, with Federal and State agencies and nonprofit organizations that are operating similar programs, to maximize the effect of public dollars in funding meritorious proposals.
The Secretary shall establish and implement procedures to carry out outreach activities to advise potential end users of telehealth services in rural areas, frontier communities, medically underserved areas, and medically underserved populations in each State about the grant programs described in subsection (b) of this section.
It is the sense of Congress that, for purposes of this section, States should develop reciprocity agreements so that a provider of services under this section who is a licensed or otherwise authorized health care provider under the law of 1 or more States, and who, through telehealth technology, consults with a licensed or otherwise authorized health care provider in another State, is exempt, with respect to such consultation, from any State law of the other State that prohibits such consultation on the basis that the first health care provider is not a licensed or authorized health care provider under the law of that State.
Not later than September 30, 2005, the Secretary shall prepare and submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the progress and accomplishments of the grant programs described in subsection (b) of this section.
The Secretary shall issue regulations specifying, for purposes of this section, a definition of the term “frontier area”. The definition shall be based on factors that include population density, travel distance in miles to the nearest medical facility, travel time in minutes to the nearest medical facility, and such other factors as the Secretary determines to be appropriate. The Secretary shall develop the definition in consultation with the Director of the Bureau of the Census and the Administrator of the Economic Research Service of the Department of Agriculture.
2013—Subsec. (i)(1)(B). Pub. L. 113–55 substituted “case management services, or prenatal care for high-risk pregnancies” for “or case management services”.
2003—Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 108–163, § 2(c)(1), substituted “section 295p(6)” for “section 295p”.
Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 108–163, § 2(c)(2), substituted “Health Resources and Services Administration” for “Health and Resources and Services Administration”.