42 U.S. Code § 3712b - Weed and Seed strategies
(a) In general
From amounts made available under section 3712a (c) of this title, the Director of the Office of Weed and Seed Strategies may implement strategies, to be known as Weed and Seed strategies, to prevent, control, and reduce violent crime, criminal drug-related activity, and gang activity in designated Weed-and-Seed communities. Each such strategy shall involve both of the following activities:
Activities, to be known as Weeding activities, which shall include promoting and coordinating a broad spectrum of community efforts (especially those of law enforcement agencies and prosecutors) to arrest, and to sanction or incarcerate, persons in that community who participate or engage in violent crime, criminal drug-related activity, and other crimes that threaten the quality of life in that community.
Activities, to be known as Seeding activities, which shall include promoting and coordinating a broad spectrum of community efforts (such as drug abuse education, mentoring, and employment counseling) to provide—
(A) human services, relating to prevention, intervention, or treatment, for at-risk individuals and families; and
The Director shall issue guidelines for the development and implementation of Weed and Seed strategies under this section. The guidelines shall ensure that the Weed and Seed strategy for a community referred to in subsection (a) of this section shall—
(1) be planned and implemented through and under the auspices of a steering committee, properly established in the community, comprised of—
(A) in a voting capacity, representatives of—
(2) describe how law enforcement agencies, other public and private agencies, neighborhood and community-based organizations, and interested citizens are to cooperate in implementing the strategy; and
For a community to be designated as a Weed-and-Seed community for purposes of subsection (a) of this section—
(1) the United States Attorney for the District encompassing the community must certify to the Director that—
(A) the community suffers from consistently high levels of crime or otherwise is appropriate for such designation;
(B) the Weed and Seed strategy proposed, adopted, or implemented by the steering committee has a high probability of improving the criminal justice system within the community and contains all the elements required by the Director; and
An application for designation as a Weed-and-Seed community for purposes of subsection (a) of this section shall be submitted to the Director by the steering committee of the community in such form, and containing such information and assurances, as the Director may require. The application shall propose—
(1) a sustainable Weed and Seed strategy that includes—
(A) the active involvement of the United States Attorney for the District encompassing the community, the Drug Enforcement Administration’s special agent in charge for the jurisdiction encompassing the community, and other Federal law enforcement agencies operating in the vicinity;
(1) In general
In implementing a strategy for a community under subsection (a) of this section, the Director may make grants to that community.
For each grant under this subsection, the community receiving that grant may not use any of the grant amounts for construction, except that the Assistant Attorney General may authorize use of grant amounts for incidental or minor construction, renovation, or remodeling.
A community may not receive grants under this subsection (or fall within such a community)—
(B) for more than 5 separate fiscal years, except that the Assistant Attorney General may, in single increments and only upon a showing of extraordinary circumstances, authorize grants for not more than 3 additional separate fiscal years; or
In making grants under this subsection, the Director shall ensure that—
(A) to the extent practicable, the distribution of such grants is geographically equitable and includes both urban and rural areas of varying population and area; and
(5) Federal share
(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), the Federal share of a grant under this subsection may not exceed 75 percent of the total costs of the projects described in the application for which the grant was made.
Source(Pub. L. 90–351, title I, § 104, as added Pub. L. 109–162, title XI, § 1121(a),Jan. 5, 2006, 119 Stat. 3104.)