2013—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 113–4, § 901(1), inserted “sex trafficking,” after “sexual assault,”.
Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 113–4, § 901(2), inserted “sex trafficking,” after “sexual assault,”.
Subsec. (a)(5). Pub. L. 113–4, § 901(3), substituted “sexual assault, sex trafficking, and stalking;” for “and stalking programs and to address the needs of children exposed to domestic violence;”.
Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 113–4, § 901(4)(A), inserted “sex trafficking,” after “sexual assault,” in two places.
Subsec. (a)(8). Pub. L. 113–4, § 901(5)(A), inserted “sex trafficking,” after “stalking,”.
Subsec. (a)(9), (10). Pub. L. 113–4, § 901(4)(B), (5)(B), (6), added pars. (9) and (10).
2006—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109–271, § 7(a)(3)(A), substituted “or authorized designees of Indian tribal governments” for “and tribal organizations” in introductory provisions and added par. (8).
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 109–271, § 7(a)(3)(B), struck out subsec. (c). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The Federal share of a grant made under this section may not exceed 90 percent of the total costs of the project described in the application submitted, except that the Attorney General may grant a waiver of this match requirement on the basis of demonstrated financial hardship. Funds appropriated for the activities of any agency of an Indian tribal government or of the Bureau of Indian Affairs performing law enforcement functions on any Indian lands may be used to provide the non-Federal share of the cost of programs or projects funded under this section.”
Findings and Purposes
Pub. L. 109–162, title IX, §§ 901, 902, Jan. 5, 2006, 119 Stat. 3077, 3078, provided that:
FINDINGS.“Congress finds that—
1 out of every 3 Indian (including Alaska Native) women are raped in their lifetimes;
Indian women experience 7 sexual assaults per 1,000, compared with 4 per 1,000 among Black Americans, 3 per 1,000 among Caucasians, 2 per 1,000 among Hispanic women, and 1 per 1,000 among Asian women;
Indian women experience the violent crime of battering at a rate of 23.2 per 1,000, compared with 8 per 1,000 among Caucasian women;
during the period 1979 through 1992, homicide was the third leading cause of death of Indian females aged 15 to 34, and 75 percent were killed by family members or acquaintances;
Indian tribes require additional criminal justice and victim services resources to respond to violent assaults against women; and
the unique legal relationship of the United States to Indian tribes creates a Federal trust responsibility to assist tribal governments in safeguarding the lives of Indian women.
PURPOSES.“The purposes of this title [enacting this section, sections 3796gg–11 and 14045d of this title, and section 117 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure, amending sections 3796gg–1, 3796gg–6, 3796hh, 13971, 13975, and 10420 of this title, section 921 of Title 18, section 2803 of Title 25, Indians, and section 534 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section and section 534 of Title 28] are—
to decrease the incidence of violent crimes against Indian women;
to strengthen the capacity of Indian tribes to exercise their sovereign authority to respond to violent crimes committed against Indian women; and
to ensure that perpetrators of violent crimes committed against Indian women are held accountable for their criminal behavior.”
National Baseline Study on Violence Against Indian Women
Pub. L. 109–162, title IX, § 904(a), Jan. 5, 2006, 119 Stat. 3078, as amended by Pub. L. 113–4, title IX, § 907(a), Mar. 7, 2013, 127 Stat. 125, provided that:
Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 [Mar. 7, 2013
], the National Institute of Justice, in consultation with the Office on Violence Against Women, shall conduct a national baseline study to examine violence against Indian women in Indian country and in Native villages (as defined in section 3 of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1602
“(A)In general.—The study shall examine violence committed against Indian women, including—
The study shall evaluate the effectiveness of Federal, State, tribal, and local responses to the violations described in subparagraph (A) committed against Indian women.
The study shall propose recommendations to improve the effectiveness of Federal, State, tribal, and local responses to the violation described in subparagraph (A) committed against Indian women.
“(3) Task force.—
The Attorney General, acting through the Director of the Office on Violence Against Women, shall establish a task force to assist in the development and implementation of the study under paragraph (1) and guide implementation of the recommendation in paragraph (2)(C).
“(B)Members.—The Director shall appoint to the task force representatives from—
national tribal domestic violence and sexual assault nonprofit organizations;
tribal governments; and
the national tribal organizations.
Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 [Mar. 7, 2013], the Attorney General shall submit to the Committee on Indian Affairs of the Senate, the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate, and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives a report that describes the study.
“(5)Authorization of appropriations.—
There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $1,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 and 2015, to remain available until expended.”