42 U.S. Code § 502 - Payments to States; computation of amounts
(a) Certification of amounts
The Secretary of Labor shall from time to time certify to the Secretary of the Treasury for payment to each State which has an unemployment compensation law approved by the Secretary of Labor under the Federal Unemployment Tax Act, such amounts as the Secretary of Labor determines to be necessary for the proper and efficient administration of such law during the fiscal year for which such payment is to be made, including 100 percent of so much of the reasonable expenditures of the State as are attributable to the costs of the implementation and operation of the immigration status verification system described in section 1320b–7 (d) of this title. The Secretary of Labor’s determination shall be based on
(2) an estimate of the number of persons covered by the State law and of the cost of proper and efficient administration of such law; and
(3) such other factors as the Secretary of Labor finds relevant. The Secretary of Labor shall not certify for payment under this section in any fiscal year a total amount in excess of the amount appropriated therefor for such fiscal year.
(b) Payment of amounts
Out of the sums appropriated therefor, the Secretary of the Treasury shall, upon receiving a certification under subsection (a) of this section, pay, through the Fiscal Service of the Department of the Treasury and prior to audit or settlement by the Government Accountability Office, to the State agency charged with the administration of such law the amount so certified.
(c) Mailing costs
No portion of the cost of mailing a statement under section 6050B(b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (relating to unemployment compensation) shall be treated as not being a cost for the proper and efficient administration of the State unemployment compensation law by reason of including with such statement information about the earned income credit provided by section 32 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. The preceding sentence shall not apply if the inclusion of such information increases the postage required to mail such statement.
Source(Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title III, § 302,49 Stat. 626; Aug. 10, 1939, ch. 666, title III, § 301,53 Stat. 1378; 1946 Reorg. Plan No. 2, § 4, eff. July 16, 1946, 11 F.R. 7873, 60 Stat. 1095; 1949 Reorg. Plan No. 2, § 1, eff. Aug. 20, 1949, 14 F.R. 5225, 63 Stat. 1065; Pub. L. 98–369, div. B, title VI, § 2663(b)(1),July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1165; Pub. L. 99–603, title I, § 121(b)(3),Nov. 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 3390; Pub. L. 102–318, title III, § 302(a),July 3, 1992, 106 Stat. 297; Pub. L. 108–271, § 8(b),July 7, 2004, 118 Stat. 814.)
References in Text
The Federal Unemployment Tax Act, referred to in subsec. (a), comprised subchapter C (§§ 1600 to 1611) of chapter 9 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939. Chapter 9 of the 1939 Code was repealed (subject to certain exceptions) by section 7851 (a)(3) of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code of 1954 (act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 3). The I.R.C. 1954 was redesignated I.R.C. 1986 by Pub. L. 99–514, § 2,Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095. The Federal Unemployment Tax Act also comprises chapter 23 (§ 3301 et seq.) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
For provision deeming a reference in other laws to a provision of the 1939 Code as a reference to the corresponding provisions of the 1986 Code, see section 7852(b) of the 1986 Code. For table of comparisons of the 1939 Code to the 1986 Code, see table preceding section 1 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code. The Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is classified generally to Title 26.
2004—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 108–271substituted “Government Accountability Office” for “General Accounting Office”.
1992—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 102–318added subsec. (c).
1986—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–603inserted at end of first sentence “, including 100 percent of so much of the reasonable expenditures of the State as are attributable to the costs of the implementation and operation of the immigration status verification system described in section 1320b–7 (d) of this title”.
1984—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 98–369substituted “the Fiscal Service of the Department of the Treasury” for “the Division of Disbursement of the Treasury Department”.
1939—Subsec. (a). Act Aug. 10, 1939, substituted “Federal Unemployment Tax Act” for “sections 1101–1110 of this title,” and inserted “efficient” before “administration”.
Effective Date of 1992 Amendment
Pub. L. 102–318, title III, § 302(b),July 3, 1992, 106 Stat. 297, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [July 3, 1992].”
Effective Date of 1986 Amendment
Pub. L. 99–603, title I, § 121(c)(2),Nov. 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 3391, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (b) [enacting section 1437r of this title, amending this section and sections 303, 603, 1203, 1353, and 1396b of this title, section 2025 of Title 7, Agriculture, and section 1096 of Title 20, Education, and amending provisions set out as a Puerto Rico, Guam, and Virgin Islands note under section 1383 of this title] take effect on October 1, 1987.”
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 98–369effective July 18, 1984, but not to be construed as changing or affecting any right, liability, status, or interpretation which existed (under the provisions of law involved) before that date, see section 2664(b) ofPub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.
Transfer of Functions
For transfer of functions of other officers, employees, and agencies of Department of Labor, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of Labor, with power to delegate, see Reorg. Plan No. 6 of 1950, §§ 1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1263, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
Functions of Federal Security Administrator with respect to unemployment compensation transferred to Secretary of Labor by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1949, set out in the Appendix to Title 5.
Section 1 of Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1949, also provided that functions transferred by this section shall be performed by Secretary of Labor, or subject to his direction and control, by such officers, agencies, and employees of Department of Labor as he shall designate.
“Administrator” substituted for “Board” by section 4 of Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1946, set out in the Appendix to Title 5.
Report on Method of Allocating Administrative Funds Among States
Pub. L. 102–164, title III, § 304,Nov. 15, 1991, 105 Stat. 1061, as amended by Pub. L. 102–318, title V, § 533,July 3, 1992, 106 Stat. 317, provided that:
“(a) In General.—The Secretary of Labor shall submit to the Congress, before December 31, 1994, a comprehensive report setting forth a proposal for revising the method of allocating grants among the States under section 302 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 502].
“(b) Specific Requirements.—The report required by subsection (a) shall include an analysis of—
“(1) the use of unemployment insurance workload levels as the primary factor in allocating grants among the States under section 302 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 502],
“(2) ways to ensure that each State receive not less than a minimum grant amount for each fiscal year,
“(3) the use of nationally available objective data to determine the unemployment compensation administrative costs of each State, with consideration of legitimate cost differences among the States,
“(4) ways to simplify the method of allocating such grants among the States,
“(5) ways to eliminate the disincentives to productivity and efficiency which exist in the current method of allocating such grants among the States,
“(6) ways to promote innovation and cost-effective practices in the method of allocating such grants among the States, and
“(7) the effect of the proposal set forth in such report on the grant amounts allocated to each State.
“(c) Congressional Review Period.—The Secretary of Labor may not revise the method in effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 15, 1991] for allocating grants among the States under section 302 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 502], until after the expiration of the 12-month period beginning on the date on which the report required by subsection (a) is submitted to the Congress.”
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