42 U.S. Code § 7135 - Energy Information Administration
(a) Establishment; appointment of Administrator; compensation; qualifications; duties
(1) There shall be within the Department an Energy Information Administration to be headed by an Administrator who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and who shall be compensated at the rate provided for in level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5. The Administrator shall be a person who, by reason of professional background and experience, is specially qualified to manage an energy information system.
(2) The Administrator shall be responsible for carrying out a central, comprehensive, and unified energy data and information program which will collect, evaluate, assemble, analyze, and disseminate data and information which is relevant to energy resource reserves, energy production, demand, and technology, and related economic and statistical information, or which is relevant to the adequacy of energy resources to meet demands in the near and longer term future for the Nation’s economic and social needs.
(b) Delegation of functions
The Secretary shall delegate to the Administrator (which delegation may be on a nonexclusive basis as the Secretary may determine may be necessary to assure the faithful execution of his authorities and responsibilities under law) the functions vested in him by law relating to gathering, analysis, and dissemination of energy information (as defined in section 796 of title 15) and the Administrator may act in the name of the Secretary for the purpose of obtaining enforcement of such delegated functions.
(c) Functions of Director of Office of Energy Information and Analysis
In addition to, and not in limitation of the functions delegated to the Administrator pursuant to other subsections of this section, there shall be vested in the Administrator, and he shall perform, the functions assigned to the Director of the Office of Energy Information and Analysis under part B of the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 [15 U.S.C. 790 et seq.], and the provisions of sections 53(d) and 59 thereof [15 U.S.C. 790b (d), 790h] shall be applicable to the Administrator in the performance of any function under this chapter.
(d) Collection or analysis of information and preparation of reports without approval
The Administrator shall not be required to obtain the approval of any other officer or employee of the Department in connection with the collection or analysis of any information; nor shall the Administrator be required, prior to publication, to obtain the approval of any other officer or employee of the United States with respect to the substance of any statistical or forecasting technical reports which he has prepared in accordance with law.
(e) Annual audit
The Energy Information Administration shall be subject to an annual professional audit review of performance as described in section 55  of part B of the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974.
(f) Furnishing information or analysis to any other administration, commission, or office within Department
The Administrator shall, upon request, promptly provide any information or analysis in his possession pursuant to this section to any other administration, commission, or office within the Department which such administration, commission, or office determines relates to the functions of such administration, commission, or office.
(g) Availability of information to public
Information collected by the Energy Information Administration shall be cataloged and, upon request, any such information shall be promptly made available to the public in a form and manner easily adaptable for public use, except that this subsection shall not require disclosure of matters exempted from mandatory disclosure by section 552 (b) of title 5. The provisions of section 796 (d) of title 15, and section 5916 of this title, shall continue to apply to any information obtained by the Administrator under such provisions.
(h) Identification and designation of “major energy producing companies”; format for financial report; accounting practices; filing of financial report; annual report of Department; definitions; confidentiality
(A) In addition to the acquisition, collection, analysis, and dissemination of energy information pursuant to this section, the Administrator shall identify and designate “major energy-producing companies” which alone or with their affiliates are involved in one or more lines of commerce in the energy industry so that the energy information collected from such major energy-producing companies shall provide a statistically accurate profile of each line of commerce in the energy industry in the United States.
(B) In fulfilling the requirements of this subsection the Administrator shall—
(i) utilize, to the maximum extent practicable, consistent with the faithful execution of his responsibilities under this chapter, reliable statistical sampling techniques; and
(2) The Administrator shall develop and make effective for use during the second full calendar year following August 4, 1977, the format for an energy-producing company financial report. Such report shall be designed to allow comparison on a uniform and standardized basis among energy-producing companies and shall permit for the energy-related activities of such companies—
(A) an evaluation of company revenues, profits, cash flow, and investments in total, for the energy-related lines of commerce in which such company is engaged and for all significant energy-related functions within such company;
(B) an analysis of the competitive structure of sectors and functional groupings within the energy industry;
(C) the segregation of energy information, including financial information, describing company operations by energy source and geographic area;
(D) the determination of costs associated with exploration, development, production, processing, transportation, and marketing and other significant energy-related functions within such company; and
(3) The Administrator shall consult with the Chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission with respect to the development of accounting practices required by the Energy Policy and Conservation Act [42 U.S.C. 6201 et seq.] to be followed by persons engaged in whole or in part in the production of crude oil and natural gas and shall endeavor to assure that the energy-producing company financial report described in paragraph (2) of this subsection, to the extent practicable and consistent with the purposes and provisions of this chapter, is consistent with such accounting practices where applicable.
(4) The Administrator shall require each major energy-producing company to file with the Administrator an energy-producing company financial report on at least an annual basis and may request energy information described in such report on a quarterly basis if he determines that such quarterly report of information will substantially assist in achieving the purposes of this chapter.
(5) A summary of information gathered pursuant to this section, accompanied by such analysis as the Administrator deems appropriate, shall be included in the annual report of the Department required by subsection (a)  ofsection 7267 of this title.
(6) As used in this subsection the term—
(A) “energy-producing company” means a person engaged in:
(i) Manufacturers energy consumption survey
(1) The Administrator shall conduct and publish the results of a survey of energy consumption in the manufacturing industries in the United States at least once every four years and in a manner designed to protect the confidentiality of individual responses. In conducting the survey, the Administrator shall collect information, including—
(j) Collection and publication of survey results
(1) The Administrator shall annually collect and publish the results of a survey of electricity production from domestic renewable energy resources, including production in kilowatt hours, total installed capacity, capacity factor, and any other measure of production efficiency. Such results shall distinguish between various renewable energy resources.
(2) In carrying out this subsection, the Administrator shall—
(A) utilize, to the maximum extent practicable and consistent with the faithful execution of his responsibilities under this chapter, reliable statistical sampling techniques; and
(k) Survey procedure
Pursuant to section 52(a) of the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (15 U.S.C. 790a (a)), the Administrator shall—
(1) conduct surveys of residential and commercial energy use at least once every four years, and make such information available to the public;
(2) when surveying electric utilities, collect information on demand-side management programs conducted by such utilities, including information regarding the types of demand-side management programs being operated, the quantity of measures installed, expenditures on demand-side management programs, estimates of energy savings resulting from such programs, and whether the savings estimates were verified; and
(l) Data collection
In order to improve the ability to evaluate the effectiveness of the Nation’s energy efficiency policies and programs, the Administrator shall, in carrying out the data collection provisions of subsections (i) and (k) of this section, consider—
(1) expanding the survey instruments to include questions regarding participation in Government and utility conservation programs;
(2) expanding fuel-use surveys in order to provide greater detail on energy use by user subgroups; and
(m) Renewable fuels survey
(1) In order to improve the ability to evaluate the effectiveness of the Nation’s renewable fuels mandate, the Administrator shall conduct and publish the results of a survey of renewable fuels demand in the motor vehicle fuels market in the United States monthly, and in a manner designed to protect the confidentiality of individual responses. In conducting the survey, the Administrator shall collect information both on a national and regional basis, including each of the following:
(2) The Administrator shall also collect or estimate information both on a national and regional basis, pursuant to subparagraphs (A) through (F) of paragraph (1), for the 5 years prior to implementation of this subsection.
 See References in Text note below.
 So in original. Section 7267 of this title was enacted without a subsec. (a).
Source(Pub. L. 95–91, title II, § 205,Aug. 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 572; Pub. L. 99–509, title III, § 3101(a),Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1888; Pub. L. 102–486, title I, § 171,Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 2864; Pub. L. 109–58, title XV, § 1508,Aug. 8, 2005, 119 Stat. 1083; Pub. L. 113–76, div. D, title III, § 315,Jan. 17, 2014, 128 Stat. 177.)
References in Text
The Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974, referred to in subsec. (c), is Pub. L. 93–275, May 7, 1974, 88 Stat. 96. Part B of the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 is classified generally to subchapter II (§ 790 et seq.) of chapter 16B of Title 15, Commerce and Trade. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 761 of Title 15 and Tables.
This chapter, referred to in subsecs. (c), (h)(1)(B)(i), (2)(E) to (4), and (j)(2)(A), was in the original “this Act”, meaning Pub. L. 95–91, Aug. 4, 1977, 91 Stat. 565, known as the Department of Energy Organization Act, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 7101 of this title and Tables.
Section 55 of part B of the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974, referred to in subsec. (e), was classified to section 790d of Title 15, Commerce and Trade, and was repealed by Pub. L. 104–66, title I, § 1051(k),Dec. 21, 1995, 109 Stat. 717.
The Energy Policy and Conservation Act, referred to in subsec. (h)(3), is Pub. L. 94–163, Dec. 22, 1975, 89 Stat. 871, which is classified principally to chapter 77 (§ 6201 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 6201 of this title and Tables.
2014—Subsec. (i)(1). Pub. L. 113–76, § 315(1), substituted “once every four years” for “once every two years” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (k)(1). Pub. L. 113–76, § 315(2), which directed amendment of par. (1) by substituting “once every four years” for “once every three years” was executed by making the substitution for “once every 3 years” to reflect the probable intent of Congress.
2005—Subsec. (m). Pub. L. 109–58added subsec. (m).
1992—Subsec. (i)(1). Pub. L. 102–486, § 171(a)(1), in introductory provisions, substituted “at least once every two years” for “on at least a triennial basis”.
Subsec. (i)(1)(D). Pub. L. 102–486, § 171(a)(2), amended subpar. (D) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (D) read as follows: “use of nonpurchased sources of energy, such as cogeneration and waste by-products.”
Subsecs. (j) to (l). Pub. L. 102–486, § 171(b), added subsecs. (j) to (l).
1986—Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 99–509added subsec. (i).
End Use Consumption Surveys; Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey
Pub. L. 104–134, title I, § 101(c) [title II], Apr. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 1321–156, 1321–188; renumbered title I, Pub. L. 104–140, § 1(a),May 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 1327, provided in part: “That notwithstanding section 4(d) of the Service Contract Act of 1965 (41 U.S.C. 353(d)) [now 41 U.S.C. 6707 (d)] or any other provision of law, funds appropriated under this heading [DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY, energy information administration] hereafter may be used to enter into a contract for end use consumption surveys for a term not to exceed eight years: Provided further, That notwithstanding any other provision of law, hereafter the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey shall be conducted on a triennial basis.”