42 U.S. Code § 9858m - Amounts reserved; allotments
(a) Amounts reserved
(1) Territories and possessions
The Secretary shall reserve not to exceed one half of 1 percent of the amount appropriated under this subchapter in each fiscal year for payments to Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands of the United States, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands to be allotted in accordance with their respective needs.
(2) Indians 1 tribes
The Secretary shall reserve not less than 1 percent, and not more than 2 percent, of the amount appropriated under section 9858 of this title in each fiscal year for payments to Indian tribes and tribal organizations with applications approved under subsection (c) of this section.
(b) State allotment
(1) General rule
From the amounts appropriated under section 9858 of this title for each fiscal year remaining after reservations under subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary shall allot to each State an amount equal to the sum of—
(A) an amount that bears the same ratio to 50 percent of such remainder as the product of the young child factor of the State and the allotment percentage of the State bears to the sum of the corresponding products for all States; and
(2) Young child factor
The term “young child factor” means the ratio of the number of children in the State under 5 years of age to the number of such children in all States as provided by the most recent annual estimates of population in the States by the Census Bureau of the Department of Commerce.
(3) School lunch factor
The term “school lunch factor” means the ratio of the number of children in the State who are receiving free or reduced price lunches under the school lunch program established under the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.) to the number of such children in all the States as determined annually by the Department of Agriculture.
(4) Allotment percentage
(A) In general
The allotment percentage for a State is determined by dividing the per capita income of all individuals in the United States, by the per capita income of all individuals in the State.
If an allotment percentage determined under subparagraph (A)—
(i) exceeds 1.2 percent, then the allotment percentage of that State shall be considered to be 1.2 percent; and
(C) Per capita income
For purposes of subparagraph (A), per capita income shall be—
(ii) applied for the 2-year period beginning on October 1 of the first fiscal year beginning on the date such determination is made; and
(c) Payments for benefit of Indian children
(1) General authority
From amounts reserved under subsection (a)(2) of this section, the Secretary may make grants to or enter into contracts with Indian tribes or tribal organizations that submit applications under this section, for the planning and carrying out of programs or activities consistent with the purposes of this subchapter.
(2) Applications and requirements
An application for a grant or contract under this section shall provide that:
The applicant will coordinate, to the maximum extent feasible, with the lead agency in the State or States in which the applicant will carry out programs or activities under this section.
(B) Services on reservations
In the case of an applicant located in a State other than Alaska, California, or Oklahoma, programs and activities under this section will be carried out on the Indian reservation for the benefit of Indian children.
(3) Consideration of secretarial approval
In determining whether to approve an application for a grant or contract under this section, the Secretary shall take into consideration—
(A) the availability of child care services provided in accordance with this subchapter by the State or States in which the applicant proposes to carry out a program to provide child care services; and
(4) Three-year limit
Grants or contracts under this section shall be for periods not to exceed 3 years.
(5) Dual eligibility of Indian children
The awarding of a grant or contract under this section for programs or activities to be conducted in a State or States shall not affect the eligibility of any Indian child to receive services provided or to participate in programs and activities carried out under a grant to the State or States under this subchapter.
(6) Construction or renovation of facilities
(A) Request for use of funds
An Indian tribe or tribal organization may submit to the Secretary a request to use amounts provided under this subsection for construction or renovation purposes.
With respect to a request submitted under subparagraph (A), and except as provided in subparagraph (C), upon a determination by the Secretary that adequate facilities are not otherwise available to an Indian tribe or tribal organization to enable such tribe or organization to carry out child care programs in accordance with this subchapter, and that the lack of such facilities will inhibit the operation of such programs in the future, the Secretary may permit the tribe or organization to use assistance provided under this subsection to make payments for the construction or renovation of facilities that will be used to carry out such programs.
The Secretary may not permit an Indian tribe or tribal organization to use amounts provided under this subsection for construction or renovation if such use will result in a decrease in the level of child care services provided by the tribe or organization as compared to the level of such services provided by the tribe or organization in the fiscal year preceding the year for which the determination under subparagraph (B) is being made.
(d) Data and information
The Secretary shall obtain from each appropriate Federal agency, the most recent data and information necessary to determine the allotments provided for in subsection (b) of this section.
(1) In general
Any portion of the allotment under subsection (b) of this section to a State that the Secretary determines is not required to carry out a State plan approved under section 9858c (d) of this title, in the period for which the allotment is made available, shall be reallotted by the Secretary to other States in proportion to the original allotments to the other States.
(3) Amounts reallotted
For purposes of any other section of this subchapter, any amount reallotted to a State under this subsection shall be considered to be part of the allotment made under subsection (b) of this section to the State.
(4) Indian tribes or tribal organizations
Any portion of a grant or contract made to an Indian tribe or tribal organization under subsection (c) of this section that the Secretary determines is not being used in a manner consistent with the provision of this subchapter in the period for which the grant or contract is made available, shall be allotted by the Secretary to other tribes or organizations that have submitted applications under subsection (c) of this section in accordance with their respective needs.
(f) “State” defined
For the purposes of this section, the term “State” includes only the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
 So in original. Probably should be “Indian”.
Source(Pub. L. 97–35, title VI, § 658O, as added Pub. L. 101–508, title V, § 5082(2),Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–246; amended Pub. L. 102–401, § 3(a),Oct. 7, 1992, 106 Stat. 1959; Pub. L. 102–586, § 8(c)(1),Nov. 4, 1992, 106 Stat. 5036; Pub. L. 104–193, title VI, § 613,Aug. 22, 1996, 110 Stat. 2286; Pub. L. 105–33, title V, § 5602(4),Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 646; Pub. L. 106–78, title VII, § 752(b)(17),Oct. 22, 1999, 113 Stat. 1170.)
References in Text
The Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(3), is act June 4, 1946, ch. 281, 60 Stat. 230, as amended, which is classified generally to chapter 13 (§ 1751 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1751 of this title and Tables.
1999—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 106–78substituted “Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act” for “National School Lunch Act”.
1997—Subsec. (c)(6)(C). Pub. L. 105–33substituted “subparagraph (B)” for “subparagraph (A)”.
1996—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 104–193, § 613(1)(A), made technical amendment to heading, inserted “and” before “the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianna Islands”, and struck out “, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands” before “to be allotted in accordance”.
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 104–193, § 613(1)(B), substituted “less than 1 percent, and not more than 2 percent,” for “more than 3 percent”.
Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 104–193, § 613(2)(A), substituted “activities carried out” for “activities carried our”.
Subsec. (c)(6). Pub. L. 104–193, § 613(2)(B), added par. (6).
Subsec. (e)(4). Pub. L. 104–193, § 613(3), added par. (4).
1992—Pub. L. 102–401and Pub. L. 102–586made identical technical corrections to directory language of Pub. L. 101–508, § 5082(2), which added this section.
Effective Date of 1997 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 105–33effective as if included in the enactment of title VI of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104–193, see section 5603 ofPub. L. 105–33, set out as a note under section 618 of this title.
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment