46 U.S. Code § 12118 - Owners engaged primarily in manufacturing or mineral industry
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(a) Definitions.— In this section:
(1) Bowaters corporation.— The term “Bowaters corporation” means a corporation that has filed a certificate under oath with the Secretary, in the form and at the times prescribed by the Secretary, establishing that—
(B) a majority of the officers and directors of the corporation are individuals who are citizens of the United States;
(D) the corporation is engaged primarily in a manufacturing or mineral industry in the United States;
(E) the total book value of the vessels owned by the corporation is not more than 10 percent of the total book value of the assets of the corporation; and
(2) Parent.— The term “parent” means a corporation that has filed a certificate under oath with the Secretary, in the form and at the times prescribed by the Secretary, establishing that the corporation—
(3) Subsidiary.— The term “subsidiary” means a corporation that has filed a certificate under oath with the Secretary, in the form and at the times prescribed by the Secretary, establishing that the corporation—
(b) Deemed Citizen.— A Bowaters corporation is deemed to be a citizen of the United States for purposes of chapters 121, 551, and 561 and section 80104 of this title.
(c) Issuance of Documentation.— A certificate of documentation and appropriate endorsement may be issued for a vessel that—
(d) Effects of Documentation.—
(1) In general.— Subject to paragraph (2)—
(2) Transportation of passengers or merchandise.— A vessel documented under this section may transport passengers or merchandise for hire in the coastwise trade only—
(B) when under a demise or bareboat charter, at prevailing rates for use not in the domestic noncontiguous trades, from the corporation owning the vessel to a carrier that—
(ii) otherwise qualifies as a citizen of the United States under section 50501 of this title; and
(e) Validity of Corporate Certificate.— A certificate filed by a corporation under this section remains valid only as long as the corporation continues to satisfy the conditions required of the corporation by this section. When a corporation no longer satisfies those conditions, the corporation loses its status under this section and immediately shall surrender to the Secretary any documents issued to it based on that status.
(1) Falsifying material fact.— If a corporation knowingly falsifies a material fact in a certificate filed under subsection (a), the vessel (or its value) documented or operated under this section shall be forfeited.
(2) Transporting merchandise.— If a vessel transports merchandise for hire in violation of this section, the merchandise shall be forfeited to the United States Government.
(3) Transporting passengers.— If a vessel transports passengers for hire in violation of this section, the vessel is liable for a penalty of $200 for each passenger so transported.
Source(Pub. L. 109–304, § 5,Oct. 6, 2006, 120 Stat. 1500.)
|Revised Section||Source (U.S. Code)||Source (Statutes at Large)|
|46 App.:883–1 (1st par. words through cl. (e) less citizenship, 4th par. 1st sentence).|
|June 5, 1920, ch. 250, § 27A, as added Pub. L. 85–902, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1736; Pub. L. 104–88, title III, § 321(2), Dec. 29, 1995, 109 Stat. 950; Pub. L. 104–324, title VII, § 706, Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3934.|
|46 App.:883–1 (2d par., 4th par. 2d sentence).|
|46 App.:883–1 (1st par. related to citizenship).|
|46 App.:883–1 (3d par. words before 5th comma).|
|46 App.:883–1 (3d par. words after 5th comma).|
|46 App.:883–1 (1st par. words after cl. (e)).|
|46 App.:883–1 (last par.).|
|46 App.:883–1 (4th par. 3d–6th sentences).|
In this section, the word “Secretary” is substituted for “Secretary of the Treasury”, thereby incorporating the definition of “Secretary” in section 2101 of title 46. The functions of the Secretary of the Treasury relating to the Coast Guard previously were transferred to the Secretary of Transportation by section 6(b) of the Department of Transportation Act (Pub. L. 89–670, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 938). The Coast Guard and the functions of the Secretary of Transportation relating to the Coast Guard were again transferred to the Department of Homeland Security by section 888(b) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (Pub. L. 107–296, Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2135).
In subsection (a)(1), the words “seeking hereunder to document a vessel under the laws of the United States or to operate a vessel exempt from documentation under the laws of the United States” are omitted as unnecessary because of the reorganization of the section.
Subsection (d)(1)(B) is substituted for “together with their owners or masters, shall be entitled to all the other benefits and privileges and shall be subject to the same requirements, penalties, and forfeitures as may be applicable in the case of vessels built in the United States and otherwise documented or exempt from documentation under the laws of the United States” to eliminate unnecessary words.
In subsection (d)(2), the words before subparagraph (A) are substituted for “no vessel owned by any such corporation shall engage in the fisheries or in the transportation of merchandise or passengers for hire between points in the United States, including Territories, Districts, and possessions thereof, embraced within the coastwise laws, except” to eliminate unnecessary words. See the definition of “United States” in chapter 1 of the revised title.
A prior section 12118,Pub. L. 98–89, Aug. 26, 1983, 97 Stat. 589, originally derived from section 65r of former Title 46, Shipping, related to registration of funnel marks and house flags, prior to being repealed by Pub. L. 100–710, title I, §§ 106(b)(5), 107 (a),Nov. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 4752, effective Jan. 1, 1989.
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