49 U.S. Code § 44923 - Airport security improvement projects
(a) Grant Authority.— Subject to the requirements of this section, the Under Secretary for Border and Transportation Security of the Department of Homeland Security shall make grants to airport sponsors—
(2) for projects to reconfigure terminal baggage areas as needed to install explosive detection systems;
(3) for projects to enable the Under Secretary to deploy explosive detection systems behind the ticket counter, in the baggage sorting area, or in line with the baggage handling system; and
(b) Applications.— A sponsor seeking a grant under this section shall submit to the Under Secretary an application in such form and containing such information as the Under Secretary prescribes.
(c) Approval.— The Under Secretary, after consultation with the Secretary of Transportation, may approve an application of a sponsor for a grant under this section only if the Under Secretary determines that the project will improve security at an airport or improve the efficiency of the airport without lessening security.
(d) Letters of Intent.—
(1) Issuance.— The Under Secretary shall issue a letter of intent to a sponsor committing to obligate from future budget authority an amount, not more than the Federal Government’s share of the project’s cost, for an airport security improvement project (including interest costs and costs of formulating the project).
(2) Schedule.— A letter of intent under this subsection shall establish a schedule under which the Under Secretary will reimburse the sponsor for the Government’s share of the project’s costs, as amounts become available, if the sponsor, after the Under Secretary issues the letter, carries out the project without receiving amounts under this section.
(3) Notice to under secretary.— A sponsor that has been issued a letter of intent under this subsection shall notify the Under Secretary of the sponsor’s intent to carry out a project before the project begins.
(4) Notice to congress.— The Under Secretary shall transmit to the Committees on Appropriations and Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committees on Appropriations and Commerce, Science and Transportation of the Senate a written notification at least 3 days before the issuance of a letter of intent under this section.
(5) Limitations.— A letter of intent issued under this subsection is not an obligation of the Government under section 1501 of title 31, and the letter is not deemed to be an administrative commitment for financing. An obligation or administrative commitment may be made only as amounts are provided in authorization and appropriations laws.
(e) Federal Share.—
(1) In general.— The Government’s share of the cost of a project under this section shall be 90 percent for a project at a medium or large hub airport and 95 percent for a project at any other airport.
(f) Sponsor Defined.— In this section, the term “sponsor” has the meaning given that term in section 47102.
(g) Applicability of Certain Requirements.— The requirements that apply to grants and letters of intent issued under chapter 471 (other than section 47102 (3)) shall apply to grants and letters of intent issued under this section.
(h) Aviation Security Capital Fund.—
(1) In general.— There is established within the Department of Homeland Security a fund to be known as the Aviation Security Capital Fund. The first $250,000,000 derived from fees received under section 44940 (a)(1) in each of fiscal years 2004 through 2028 shall be available to be deposited in the Fund. The Under Secretary shall impose the fee authorized by section 44940 (a)(1) so as to collect at least $250,000,000 in each of such fiscal years for deposit into the Fund. Amounts in the Fund shall be available to the Under Secretary to make grants under this section.
(2) Allocation.— Of the amount made available under paragraph (1) for a fiscal year, not less than $200,000,000 shall be allocated to fulfill letters of intent issued under subsection (d).
(3) Discretionary grants.— Of the amount made available under paragraph (1) for a fiscal year, up to $50,000,000 shall be used to make discretionary grants, including other transaction agreements for airport security improvement projects, with priority given to small hub airports and nonhub airports.
(i) Leveraged Funding.— For purposes of this section, a grant under subsection (a) to an airport sponsor to service an obligation issued by or on behalf of that sponsor to fund a project described in subsection (a) shall be considered to be a grant for that project.
(j) Authorization of Appropriations.—
(1) In general.— In addition to amounts made available under subsection (h), there is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $400,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2005, 2006, and 2007, and $450,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2011  Such sums shall remain available until expended.
 So in original. Probably should be followed by a period.
Source(Added Pub. L. 108–176, title VI, § 605(a),Dec. 12, 2003, 117 Stat. 2566; amended Pub. L. 108–458, title IV, § 4019(e)(1),Dec. 17, 2004, 118 Stat. 3722; Pub. L. 110–53, title XVI, §§ 1603(a), 1604(a),Aug. 3, 2007, 121 Stat. 480.)
References in Text
The date of enactment of this section, referred to in subsec. (e)(2), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 108–176, which was approved Dec. 12, 2003.
2007—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–53, § 1604(a)(1), substituted “shall make” for “may make” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 110–53, § 1604(a)(2), substituted “shall issue” for “may issue”.
Subsec. (h)(1). Pub. L. 110–53, § 1604(a)(3), substituted “2028” for “2007”.
Subsec. (h)(2), (3). Pub. L. 110–53, § 1604(a)(4), added pars. (2) and (3) and struck out former pars. (2) and (3) which related to allocation of $125,000,000 of amount available per fiscal year for large, medium, and small hub airports, nonhub airports, and on the basis of aviation security risks, and allocation of $125,000,000 of amount available per fiscal year for discretionary grants, with priority given to fulfilling letters of intent issued under subsec. (d).
Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 110–53, § 1604(a)(6), added subsec. (i). Former subsec. (i) redesignated (j).
Subsec. (i)(1). Pub. L. 110–53, § 1603(a), substituted “2007, and $450,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2008 through 2011” for “2007.”
Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 110–53, § 1604(a)(5), redesignatedsubsec. (i) as (j).
2004—Subsec. (i)(1). Pub. L. 108–458substituted “$400,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2005, 2006, and 2007” for “$250,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2004 through 2007”.
Section applicable only to fiscal years beginning after Sept. 30, 2003, except as otherwise specifically provided, see section 3 ofPub. L. 108–176, set out as an Effective Date of 2003 Amendment note under section 106 of this title.
Prioritization of Projects
“(1) In general.—The Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration shall establish a prioritization schedule for airport security improvement projects described in section 44923 of title 49, United States Code, based on risk and other relevant factors, to be funded under that section. The schedule shall include both hub airports referred to in paragraphs (29), (31), and (42) of section 40102[(a)] of such title and nonhub airports (as defined in section 47102 (13) [now section 47102 (14)] of such title).
“(2) Airports that have incurred eligible costs.—The schedule shall include airports that have incurred eligible costs associated with development of partial or completed in-line baggage systems before the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 3, 2007] in reasonable anticipation of receiving a grant under section 44923 of title 49, United States Code, in reimbursement of those costs but that have not received such a grant.
“(3) Report.—Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall provide a copy of the prioritization schedule, a corresponding timeline, and a description of the funding allocation under section 44923 of title 49, United States Code, to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives.”
Period of Reimbursement
Pub. L. 108–458, title IV, § 4019(e)(2),Dec. 17, 2004, 118 Stat. 3722, provided that: “Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary [of Homeland Security] may provide that the period of reimbursement under any letter of intent may extend for a period not to exceed 10 years after the date that the Secretary issues such letter, subject to the availability of appropriations. This paragraph applies to letters of intent issued under section 44923 of title 49, United States Code, and letters of intent issued under section 367 of the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriation Act, 2003 [Pub. L. 108–7, div. I] (49 U.S.C. 47110 note).”