49 U.S. Code § 5109 - Motor carrier safety permits
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(a) Requirement.— A motor carrier may transport or cause to be transported by motor vehicle in commerce hazardous material only if the carrier holds a safety permit the Secretary issues under this section authorizing the transportation and keeps a copy of the permit, or other proof of its existence, in the vehicle. The Secretary shall issue a permit if the Secretary finds the carrier is fit, willing, and able—
(2) to comply with this chapter and regulations the Secretary prescribes to carry out this chapter; and
(b) Applicable Transportation.— The Secretary shall prescribe by regulation the hazardous material and amounts of hazardous material to which this section applies. However, this section shall apply at least to transportation by a motor carrier, in amounts the Secretary establishes, of—
(c) Applications.— A motor carrier shall file an application with the Secretary for a safety permit to provide transportation under this section. The Secretary may approve any part of the application or deny the application. The application shall be under oath and contain information the Secretary requires by regulation.
(d) Amendments, Suspensions, and Revocations.—
(1) After notice and an opportunity for a hearing, the Secretary may amend, suspend, or revoke a safety permit, as provided by procedures prescribed under subsection (e) of this section, when the Secretary decides the motor carrier is not complying with a requirement of this chapter, a regulation prescribed under this chapter, or an applicable United States motor carrier safety law or regulation or minimum financial responsibility law or regulation.
(e) Procedures.— The Secretary shall prescribe by regulation—
(1) application procedures, including form, content, and fees necessary to recover the complete cost of carrying out this section;
(f) Shipper Responsibility.— A person offering hazardous material for motor vehicle transportation in commerce may offer the material to a motor carrier only if the carrier has a safety permit issued under this section authorizing the transportation.
(g) Conditions.— A motor carrier may provide transportation under a safety permit issued under this section only if the carrier complies with conditions the Secretary finds are required to protect public safety.
Source(Pub. L. 103–272, § 1(d),July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 767; Pub. L. 109–59, title VII, § 7126,Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1909.)
|Revised Section||Source (U.S. Code)||Source (Statutes at Large)|
|5109(a)||49 App.:1805(d)(1), (2).||Jan. 3, 1975, Pub. L. 93–633, 88 Stat. 2156, § 106(d); added Nov. 16, 1990, Pub. L. 101–615, § 8(a), 104 Stat. 3257; Oct. 24, 1992, Pub. L. 102–508, § 503(a)(4), (5), (b), 106 Stat. 3311.|
|5109(h)||49 App.:1805 (note).||Nov. 16, 1990, Pub. L. 101–615, § 8(b), 104 Stat. 3258.|
In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words “Except as provided in this subsection” and “used to provide such transportation” are omitted as surplus.
In subsection (b), before clause (1), the word “all” is omitted as surplus.
In subsection (e)(2), the word “conditions” is omitted as being included in “terms”.
In subsection (h), the text of section 8(b) (words before semicolon of the Hazardous Materials Transportation Uniform Safety Act of 1990 (Public Law 101–615, 104 Stat. 3258) is omitted as obsolete.
2005—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109–59substituted “Secretary issues” for “Secretary of Transportation issues” in introductory provisions.
Motor Carrier Safety Permits
“(a) Review.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act [see section 3(a), (b) ofPub. L. 112–141, set out as Effective and Termination Dates of 2012 Amendment notes under section 101 of Title 23, Highways], the Secretary [of Transportation] shall conduct a study of, and transmit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a report on, the implementation of the hazardous material safety permit program under section 5109 of title 49, United States Code. In conducting the study, the Secretary shall review, at a minimum—
“(1) the list of hazardous materials requiring a safety permit;
“(2) the number of permits that have been issued, denied, revoked, or suspended since inception of the program and the number of commercial motor carriers that have never had a permit denied, revoked, or suspended since inception of the program;
“(3) the reasons for such denials, revocations, or suspensions;
“(4) the criteria used by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration to determine whether a hazardous material safety permit issued by a State is equivalent to the Federal permit; and
“(5) actions the Secretary could implement to improve the program, including whether to provide opportunities for an additional level of fitness review prior to the denial, revocation, or suspension of a safety permit.
“(b) Actions Taken.—Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, based on the study conducted under subsection (a), the Secretary shall either institute a rulemaking to make any necessary improvements to the hazardous materials safety permit program under section 5109 of title 49, United States Code or publish in the Federal Register the Secretary’s justification for why a rulemaking is not necessary.”