“(a) Program Required.—
The Secretary of Energy, acting through the Administrator for Nuclear Security, shall carry out a program on scientific engagement in countries selected by the Secretary for purposes of the program to advance global nonproliferation and nuclear security efforts.
“(2)Elements.—The program under paragraph (1) shall include the following elements:
Training and capacity-building to strengthen nonproliferation and security best practices.
Engagement of scientists of the United States with foreign counterparts to advance nonproliferation goals.
The program required by this subsection shall be a distinct program from the Global Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention program.
“(1)Report on commencement of program.—Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act [see Tables for classification] or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2013 or any fiscal year thereafter for the National Nuclear Security Administration, not more than 50 percent may be obligated or expended under the program under subsection (a) until the date on which the Administrator submits to the appropriate congressional committees a report setting forth the following:
“(A) For each country selected for the program as of the date of such report—
a proliferation threat assessment prepared by the Director of National Intelligence; and
metrics for evaluating the effectiveness of the program.
Accounting standards for the conduct of the program approved by the Comptroller General of the United States.
The report under paragraph (1) may be submitted in unclassified form and may include a classified annex.
“(c) Reports on Modification of Program.—
Not later than 30 days before making any modification in the program under subsection (a) (including selecting a new country for the program, ceasing the selection of a country for the program, or modifying an element of the program), the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on the modification.
If the modification covered by a report under paragraph (1) consists of the selection for the program of a country not previously selected for the program, the report shall include, for each such country, the matters described in subsection (b)(1)(A).
“(3)Waiver.—The Administrator may waive the requirement under paragraph (1) to submit a report on a modification in the program under subsection (a) not later than 30 days before making the modification if the Administrator—
determines that the modification is urgent and necessary to the national security interests of the United States; and
“(B) not later than 30 days after making the modification, submits to the appropriate congressional committees—
the report on the modification required by paragraph (1); and
a justification for exercising the waiver authority under this paragraph.
Each report submitted under paragraph (1) or (3)(B) may be submitted in unclassified form and may include a classified annex.
“(d)Report on Coordination With Other U.S. Nonproliferation Programs.—
Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Jan. 2, 2013], the Administrator shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report describing the manner in which the program under subsection (a) coordinates with and complements, but does not duplicate, other nonproliferation programs of the Federal Government.
The authority to carry out the program under subsection (a) shall expire on September 30, 2016.
“(f)Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.—In this section, the term ‘appropriate congressional committees’ means the following:
The congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives].
The Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.”