5a U.S. Code Compiled Act 95-521 - ETHICS IN GOVERNMENT ACT OF 1978

Pub. L. 95–521, titles I–V, Oct. 26, 1978, 92 Stat. 1824–1867, as amended by Pub. L. 96–19, §§ 2–9, June 13, 1979, 93 Stat. 37–44; Pub. L. 96–417, title VI, § 601(9), Oct. 10, 1980, 94 Stat. 1744; Pub. L. 96–579, § 12(c), Dec. 23, 1980, 94 Stat. 3369; Pub. L. 97–51, § 130(b), Oct. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 966; Pub. L. 97–164, title I, § 163(a)(6), Apr. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 49; Pub. L. 98–150, §§ 2, 3(a)–(c), 4–12, Nov. 11, 1983, 97 Stat. 959–963; Pub. L. 99–190, § 148(b), Dec. 19, 1985, 99 Stat. 1325; Pub. L. 99–514, § 2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095; Pub. L. 99–573, § 6, Oct. 28, 1986, 100 Stat. 3231; Pub. L. 100–191, § 3(b), Dec. 15, 1987, 101 Stat. 1306; Pub. L. 100–598, §§ 2–9, Nov. 3, 1988, 102 Stat. 3031–3035; Pub. L. 101–194, title II, §§ 201, 202, title VI, § 601(a), Nov. 30, 1989, 103 Stat. 1724–1744, 1760, 1761; Pub. L. 101–280, §§ 3(1)–(10)(A), (C), 7(a)–(c), May 4, 1990, 104 Stat. 152–157, 161; Pub. L. 101–334, July 16, 1990, 104 Stat. 318; Pub. L. 101–650, title III, § 319, title IV, § 405, Dec. 1, 1990, 104 Stat. 5117, 5124; Pub. L. 102–25, title VI, § 605(a), Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 110; Pub. L. 102–90, title I, § 6(b), title III, §§ 313, 314(a), (b), Aug. 14, 1991, 105 Stat. 450, 469; Pub. L. 102–198, § 6, Dec. 9, 1991, 105 Stat. 1624; Pub. L. 102–378, § 4(a), (b), Oct. 2, 1992, 106 Stat. 1356, 1357; Pub. L. 102–506, § 2, Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 3280; Pub. L. 102–572, title IX, § 902(b)(2), Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4516; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title XI, § 1182(d)(3), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1773; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title IX, § 924(d)(3), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2832; Pub. L. 103–359, title V, § 501(m), Oct. 14, 1994, 108 Stat. 3430; Pub. L. 104–65, §§ 20, 22(a), (b), Dec. 19, 1995, 109 Stat. 704, 705; Pub. L. 104–179, §§ 2, 3, 4(b)(2), Aug. 6, 1996, 110 Stat. 1566, 1567; Pub. L. 104–186, title II, § 216, Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1747; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title XI, § 1122(b)(2), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2687; Pub. L. 105–318, § 7, Oct. 30, 1998, 112 Stat. 3011; Pub. L. 105–368, title V, § 512(b)(1)(D), Nov. 11, 1998, 112 Stat. 3342; Pub. L. 107–119, § 2, Jan. 15, 2002, 115 Stat. 2382; Pub. L. 107–126, Jan. 16, 2002, 115 Stat. 2404; Pub. L. 108–271, § 8(b), July 7, 2004, 118 Stat. 814; Pub. L. 108–458, title I, § 1079(c), Dec. 17, 2004, 118 Stat. 3696; Pub. L. 109–55, title I, § 1003(a), Aug. 2, 2005, 119 Stat. 572; Pub. L. 109–289, div. B, title II, § 21069, as added Pub. L. 110–5, § 2, Feb. 15, 2007, 121 Stat. 57; Pub. L. 109–435, title VI, § 604(c), Dec. 20, 2006, 120 Stat. 3241; Pub. L. 110–24, §§ 2, 3, May 3, 2007, 121 Stat. 100; Pub. L. 110–81, title VII, § 702, Sept. 14, 2007, 121 Stat. 775; Pub. L. 110–177, title I, § 104, Jan. 7, 2008, 121 Stat. 2535; Pub. L. 110–323, § 7, Sept. 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 3547; Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title IX, § 931(b)(1), Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4575; Pub. L. 112–84, § 1, Jan. 3, 2012, 125 Stat. 1870; Pub. L. 112–105, §§ 6(a), 8(c), 13(a), 19(a), Apr. 4, 2012, 126 Stat. 293, 296, 300, 304; Pub. L. 113–235, div. H, title I, § 1301(b), Dec. 16, 2014, 128 Stat. 2537; Pub. L. 115–141, div. M, title VI, § 601, Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1051; Pub. L. 115–277, § 1(b), Nov. 3, 2018, 132 Stat. 4167.
Prohibition of the Use of Nonpublic Information for Private Profit

Pub. L. 112–105, § 3, Apr. 4, 2012, 126 Stat. 292, provided that:

“The Select Committee on Ethics of the Senate and the Committee on Ethics of the House of Representatives shall issue interpretive guidance of the relevant rules of each chamber, including rules on conflicts of interest and gifts, clarifying that a Member of Congress and an employee of Congress may not use nonpublic information derived from such person’s position as a Member of Congress or employee of Congress or gained from the performance of such person’s official responsibilities as a means for making a private profit.”

Pub. L. 112–105, § 9(a), Apr. 4, 2012, 126 Stat. 297, provided that:

Executive branch employees.—
The Office of Government Ethics shall issue such interpretive guidance of the relevant Federal ethics statutes and regulations, including the Standards of Ethical Conduct for executive branch employees, related to use of nonpublic information, as necessary to clarify that no executive branch employee may use nonpublic information derived from such person’s position as an executive branch employee or gained from the performance of such person’s official responsibilities as a means for making a private profit.
“(2)Judicial officers.—
The Judicial Conference of the United States shall issue such interpretive guidance of the relevant ethics rules applicable to Federal judges, including the Code of Conduct for United States Judges, as necessary to clarify that no judicial officer may use nonpublic information derived from such person’s position as a judicial officer or gained from the performance of such person’s official responsibilities as a means for making a private profit.
“(3)Judicial employees.—
The Judicial Conference of the United States shall issue such interpretive guidance of the relevant ethics rules applicable to judicial employees as necessary to clarify that no judicial employee may use nonpublic information derived from such person’s position as a judicial employee or gained from the performance of such person’s official responsibilities as a means for making a private profit.”