6 U.S. Code § 488e - Prohibitions and penalty
(1) Taking possession
No person shall purchase ammonium nitrate from an ammonium nitrate facility unless such person is registered under subsection (c) or (d) ofsection 488a of this title, or is an agent of a person registered under subsection (c) or (d) of that section.
(2) Transferring possession
An owner of an ammonium nitrate facility shall not transfer possession of ammonium nitrate from the ammonium nitrate facility to any ammonium nitrate purchaser who is not registered under subsection (c) or (d) ofsection 488a of this title, or to any agent acting on behalf of an ammonium nitrate purchaser when such purchaser is not registered under subsection (c) or (d) ofsection 488a of this title.
(3) Other prohibitions
No person shall—
(A) purchase ammonium nitrate without a registration number required under subsection (c) or (d) ofsection 488a of this title;
(B) own or operate an ammonium nitrate facility without a registration number required under section 488a (c) of this title; or
(b) Civil penalty
A person that violates this part may be assessed a civil penalty by the Secretary of not more than $50,000 per violation.
(c) Penalty considerations
In determining the amount of a civil penalty under this section, the Secretary shall consider—
(2) with respect to the person who commits the violation, any history of prior violations, the ability to pay the penalty, and any effect the penalty is likely to have on the ability of such person to do business; and
(d) Notice and opportunity for a hearing
No civil penalty may be assessed under this part unless the person liable for the penalty has been given notice and an opportunity for a hearing on the violation for which the penalty is to be assessed in the county, parish, or incorporated city of residence of that person.