7 U.S. Code § 1359bb - Flexible marketing allotments for sugar
(a) Sugar estimates
(1) In general
Not later than August 1 before the beginning of each of the 2008 through 2018 crop years for sugarcane and sugar beets, the Secretary shall estimate—
(A) the quantity of sugar that will be subject to human consumption in the United States during the crop year;
(C) the quantity of sugar that will be available from carry-in stocks for human consumption in the United States during the crop year;
(D) the quantity of sugar that will be available from the domestic processing of sugarcane, sugar beets, and in-process beet sugar; and
(E) the quantity of sugars, syrups, and molasses that will be imported for human consumption or to be used for the extraction of sugar for human consumption in the United States during the crop year, whether the articles are under a tariff-rate quota or are in excess or outside of a tariff-rate quota.
The estimates under this subsection shall not apply to sugar imported for the production of polyhydric alcohol or to any sugar refined and reexported in refined form or in products containing sugar.
(b) Sugar allotments
By the beginning of each crop year, the Secretary shall establish for that crop year appropriate allotments under section 1359cc of this title for the marketing by processors of sugar processed from sugar cane or sugar beets or in-process beet sugar (whether the sugar beets or in-process beet sugar was produced domestically or imported) at a level that is—
(A) sufficient to maintain raw and refined sugar prices above forfeiture levels so that there will be no forfeitures of sugar to the Commodity Credit Corporation under the loan program for sugar established under section 7272 of this title; but
The Secretary may include sugar products, the majority content of which is sucrose for human consumption, derived from sugar cane, sugar beets, molasses, or sugar in the allotments established under paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines it to be appropriate for purposes of this subpart.
(c) Coverage of allotments
(1) In general
The marketing allotments under this subpart shall apply to the marketing by processors of sugar intended for domestic human consumption that has been processed from sugar cane, sugar beets, or in-process beet sugar, whether such sugar beets or in-process beet sugar was produced domestically or imported.
Consistent with the administration of marketing allotments for each of the 2002 through 2007 crop years, the marketing allotments shall not apply to sugar sold—
(A) to facilitate the exportation of the sugar to a foreign country, except that the exports of sugar shall not be eligible to receive credits under reexport programs for refined sugar or sugar containing products administered by the Secretary;
(C) for uses other than domestic human consumption, except for the sale of sugar for the production of ethanol or other bioenergy if the disposition of the sugar is administered by the Secretary under section 8110 of this title.
(1) In general
During all or part of any crop year for which marketing allotments have been established, no processor of sugar beets or sugarcane shall market for domestic human consumption a quantity of sugar in excess of the allocation established for the processor, except—
(2) Civil penalty
Any processor who knowingly violates paragraph (1) shall be liable to the Commodity Credit Corporation for a civil penalty in an amount equal to 3 times the United States market value, at the time of the commission of the violation, of that quantity of sugar involved in the violation.
Source(Feb. 16, 1938, ch. 30, title III, § 359b, as added Pub. L. 107–171, title I, § 1403,May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 188; amended Pub. L. 110–234, title I, § 1403(b),May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 982; Pub. L. 110–246, § 4(a), title I, § 1403(b),June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1710; Pub. L. 113–79, title I, § 1301(b)(1),Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 688.)
Pub. L. 110–234and Pub. L. 110–246made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234were repealed by section 4(a) ofPub. L. 110–246.
A prior section 1359bb, act Feb. 16, 1938, ch. 30, title III, § 359b, as added Pub. L. 101–624, title IX, § 902,Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3480; amended Pub. L. 102–237, title I, § 111(d),Dec. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1831; Pub. L. 103–66, title I, § 1107(b),Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 324, related to marketing allotments for sugar and crystalline fructose, prior to the general amendment of this subpart by Pub. L. 107–171.
2014—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 113–79substituted “2018” for “2012”.
2008—Pub. L. 110–246, § 1403(b), amended section generally, substituting provisions relating to sugar estimates for 2008 through 2012 crop years, establishment of allotments, coverage of allotments, and prohibition against marketing in excess of allotments, for provisions relating to sugar estimates for 2002 through 2007 crop years, establishment of allotments, and prohibition against marketing in excess of allotments.
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment