7 U.S. Code § 1638 - Definitions

§ 1638.
In this subchapter:
(1) Beef

The term “beef” means meat produced from cattle (including veal).

(2) Covered commodity
(A) In generalThe term “covered commodity” means—
muscle cuts of beef, lamb, pork, and venison;
ground beef, ground lamb, ground pork, and ground venison;
farm-raised fish;
wild fish;
a perishable agricultural commodity;
peanuts; and [1]
meat produced from goats;
chicken, in whole and in part;
pecans; and
macadamia nuts.
(B) Exclusions

The term “covered commodity” does not include an item described in subparagraph (A) if the item is an ingredient in a processed food item.

(3) Farm-raised fishThe term “farm-raised fish” includes—
farm-raised shellfish; and
fillets, steaks, nuggets, and any other flesh from a farm-raised fish or shellfish.
(4) Food service establishment

The term “food service establishment” means a restaurant, cafeteria, lunch room, food stand, saloon, tavern, bar, lounge, or other similar facility operated as an enterprise engaged in the business of selling food to the public.

(5) Lamb

The term “lamb” means meat, other than mutton, produced from sheep.

(6) Perishable agricultural commodity; retailer

The terms “perishable agricultural commodity” and “retailer” have the meanings given the terms in section 499a(b) of this title.

(7) Pork

The term “pork” means meat produced from hogs.

(8) Secretary

The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the Agricultural Marketing Service.

(9) Wild fish
(A) In general

The term “wild fish” means naturally-born or hatchery-raised fish and shellfish harvested in the wild.

(B) Inclusions

The term “wild fish” includes a fillet, steak, nugget, and any other flesh from wild fish or shellfish.

(C) Exclusions

The term “wild fish” excludes net-pen aquacultural or other farm-raised fish.

(Aug. 14, 1946, ch. 966, title II, § 281, as added Pub. L. 107–171, title X, § 10816, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 533; amended Pub. L. 110–234, title XI, § 11002(1), May 22, 2008, 112 Stat. 1351; Pub. L. 110–246, § 4(a), title XI, § 11002(1), June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 2113; Pub. L. 113–79, title XII, § 12104(b)(1), Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 979.)

[1]  So in original. The word “and” probably should not appear.

Pub. L. 110–234 and Pub. L. 110–246 made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234 were repealed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 110–246.


2014—Par. (2)(A)(i). Pub. L. 113–79, § 12104(b)(1)(A), substituted “pork, and venison” for “and pork”.

Par. (2)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 113–79, § 12104(b)(1)(B), substituted “ground pork, and ground venison” for “and ground pork”.

2008—Par. (2)(A)(vii) to (xi). Pub. L. 110–246, § 11002(1), added cls. (vii) to (xi).

Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234 by Pub. L. 110–246 effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, see section 4 of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title.


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