7 U.S. Code § 601 - Declaration of conditions
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It is declared that the disruption of the orderly exchange of commodities in interstate commerce impairs the purchasing power of farmers and destroys the value of agricultural assets which support the national credit structure and that these conditions affect transactions in agricultural commodities with a national public interest, and burden and obstruct the normal channels of interstate commerce.
Source(May 12, 1933, ch. 25, title I, § 1,48 Stat. 31; June 3, 1937, ch. 296, §§ 1, 2 (a),50 Stat. 246.)
For information regarding constitutionality of act May 12, 1933, and act Aug. 24, 1935, cited throughout this chapter, see Congressional Research Service, The Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation, Appendix 1, Acts of Congress Held Unconstitutional in Whole or in Part by the Supreme Court of the United States.
Short Title of 2006 Amendment
Pub. L. 109–215, § 1,Apr. 11, 2006, 120 Stat. 328, provided that: “This Act [amending section 608c of this title and enacting provisions set out as notes under section 608c of this title] may be cited as the ‘Milk Regulatory Equity Act of 2005’.”
Act June 16, 1933, ch. 90, title I, § 8(a),48 Stat. 199, provided in part that title I of act May 12, 1933, which is classified to this chapter, may for all purposes be referred to as the “Agricultural Adjustment Act.”
Validity of Certain Sections Affirmed
Act June 3, 1937, ch. 296, §§ 1, 2,50 Stat. 246, provided as follows: “The following provisions of the Agricultural Adjustment Act, as amended, not having been intended for the control of the production of agricultural commodities, and having been intended to be effective irrespective of the validity of any other provision of that Act are expressly affirmed and validated, and are reenacted without change except as provided in section 2:
“(a) Section 1 (relating to the declaration of emergency [this section]):
“(c) Section 8a(5), (6), (7), (8), and (9) (relating to violations and enforcement [section 608a (5), (6), (7), (8), and (9) of this title]);
“(d) Section 8b (relating to marketing agreements [section 608b of this title]);
“(e) Section 8c (relating to orders [section 608c of this title]);
“(f) Section 8d (relating to books and records [section 608d of this title]);
“(g) Section 8e (relating to determination of base period [former section 608e of this title]);
“(h) Section 10 (a), (b)(2), (c), (f), (g), (h), and (i) (miscellaneous provisions [section 610 (a), (b)(2), (c), (f), (g), (h), and (i) of this title]);
“(i) Section 12 (a) and (c) (relating to appropriation and expenses [section 612 (a) and (c) of this title]);
“Sec. 2. The following provisions, reenacted in section I of this act, are amended as follows: * * * [sections 601, 602 (1), 608a (6), 608c (5)(B)(d), (6)(B), (6)(B)(18), (19), 610 (c), (f), 612 (a) of this title].”
Section 2 of act June 3, 1937, also added subsec. (j) tosection 610.