8 U.S. Code § 1732 - Machine-readable, tamper-resistant entry and exit documents
(1) In general
Not later than 180 days after May 14, 2002, the Attorney General, the Secretary of State, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), acting jointly, shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a comprehensive report assessing the actions that will be necessary, and the considerations to be taken into account, to achieve fully, not later than October 26, 2004—
In addition to the assessment required by paragraph (1), the report required by that paragraph shall include an estimate of the costs to be incurred, and the personnel, man-hours, and other support required, by the Department of Justice, the Department of State, and NIST to achieve the objectives of subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (1).
(1) In general
Not later than October 26, 2004, the Attorney General and the Secretary of State shall issue to aliens only machine-readable, tamper-resistant visas and other travel and entry documents that use biometric identifiers. The Attorney General and the Secretary of State shall jointly establish document authentication standards and biometric identifiers standards to be employed on such visas and other travel and entry documents from among those biometric identifiers recognized by domestic and international standards organizations.
(2) Readers and scanners at ports of entry
(A) In general
Not later than October 26, 2005, the Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall install at all ports of entry of the United States equipment and software to allow biometric comparison and authentication of all United States visas and other travel and entry documents issued to aliens, and passports issued pursuant to subsection (c)(1) of this section.
(B) Use of readers and scanners
The Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall utilize biometric data readers and scanners that—
(i) domestic and international standards organizations determine to be highly accurate when used to verify identity;
(ii) can read the biometric identifiers utilized under subsections (b)(1) and (c)(1) of this section; and
(3) Use of technology standard
The systems employed to implement paragraphs (1) and (2) shall utilize the technology standard established pursuant to section 1379 of this title.
(c) Technology standard for visa waiver participants
(1) Certification requirement
Not later than October 26, 2005, the government of each country that is designated to participate in the visa waiver program established under section 1187 of this title shall certify, as a condition for designation or continuation of that designation, that it has a program to issue to its nationals machine-readable passports that are tamper-resistant and incorporate biometric and document authentication identifiers that comply with applicable biometric and document identifying standards established by the International Civil Aviation Organization. This paragraph shall not be construed to rescind the requirement of section 1187 (a)(3) of this title.
(2) Use of technology standard
On and after October 26, 2005, any alien applying for admission under the visa waiver program under section 1187 of this title shall present a passport that meets the requirements of paragraph (1) unless the alien’s passport was issued prior to that date.
Source(Pub. L. 107–173, title III, § 303,May 14, 2002, 116 Stat. 553; Pub. L. 108–299, § 1,Aug. 9, 2004, 118 Stat. 1100.)
2004—Subsecs. (b)(2)(A), (c)(1), (2). Pub. L. 108–299substituted “2005” for “2004”.
Abolition of Immigration and Naturalization Service and Transfer of Functions
For abolition of Immigration and Naturalization Service, transfer of functions, and treatment of related references, see note set out under section 1551 of this title.