legal education and practice

A fortiori


A Latin term meaning literally 'from [the] stronger'. Translated into English and used in the particular context of legal writing, the term often means 'from [the] stronger [argument]'. If a particular fact is true, then one can infer that a...

A priori


A Latin term meaning "from what comes before." In legal arguments, a priori generally means that a particular idea is taken as a given.



An abbreviation for American Bar Association. See American Bar Association (ABA).

See alsoAmerican Bar Association


See alsoAbstract of judgmentAbstract of titleAbstract of trust

Admission to Practice

Bar Admissions: An Overview

Admission to the practice of law (admission to the bar of a state) is governed by rules and regulations promulgated solely by a state's courts, legislatures, and/or bar association. The rules must not violate the...



To move towards the bench in order to have a conversation with the judge and opposing counsel off the record and/or out of the jury's earshot. An attorney or juror (during voir dire) must request to approach the bench, i.e. "Your honor, may I...



1) Someone authorized to practice law; a lawyer. Also called attorney-at-law and public attorney.

2) Less commonly, an agent authorized to act on behalf of another person, but not necessarily authorized to practice law, e.g. a...

Attorney at Law (or Attorney-At-Law)


Someone authorized to practice law; a lawyer. Also called attorney and public attorney.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Supreme Court of Virginia v. Consumers Union of U.S., Inc., 446 U.S. 719 (1980).

See alsoAttorney-in-factAttorney...

Attorney Fees


See attorney's fees (or attorneys' fees).