legal theory

A fortiori

Definition

A Latin term meaning literally 'from [the] stronger'. Translated into English and used in the particular context of legal writing, the term often means 'from [the] stronger [argument]'. If a particular fact is true, then one can infer that a...

A priori

Definition

A Latin term meaning "from what comes before." In legal arguments, a priori generally means that a particular idea is taken as a given.

Ab initio

Definition

A Latin term meaning "from the beginning." Used to indicate that some fact existed from the start of a relevant time period.

Arguendo

A Latin term meaning "in arguing" or "for the sake of argument". When one assumes something arguendo, the person is asserting a hypothetical or other statement for the purpose of argument.

Argument

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA persuasive presentation summarizing the law and facts regarding an issue.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Authority

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary1) A power to act or to order others to act. Often one person or entity gives another the authority to act, as an employer to an employee, a principal to an agent, a corporation to its officers, or a...

Authorize

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryTo officially empower someone to act. (See also: authority)

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Baker v. Carr (1962)

A Supreme Court case that held that federal courts could hear cases that claimed that malapportionment of state legislatures violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Constitution. By holding that such cases were justiciable, the Supreme Court paved...

Canon Law

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe laws of a church or religion, especially those of the Roman Catholic Church, that govern the powers of the clergy, administration of the church, and church ceremonies. Roman Catholic laws, which are...

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