1) The ordinary process of a lawsuit or criminal prosecution, from the first filing to the final decision. 2) A procedure through which one seeks redress from a court or agency. 3) A filing, hearing, or other step that is part of a larger action. 4) A particular matter that arises and is dealt with in a bankruptcy case.
Temporarily or for the time being. A judge pro tem normally refers to a judge who is sitting temporarily for another judge or to an attorney who has been appointed to serve as a judge as a substitute for a regular judge.
(proh tan-toh) Latin for "for so much" or "to that extent." Often used to refer to partial payment on a claim (for example, the debt is pro tanto discharged).
(proh-rat-ah or proh-ray-tah) From Latin for "in proportion," refers to a share to be received or an amount to be paid based on the fractional share of ownership, responsibility, or time used. For example, a buyer of rental property will pay his or her pro rata share of the property taxes for that portion of the year in which he or she holds title.
A term derived from the Latin "in propria persona," meaning "for one's self," used in some states to describe a person who handles his or her own case, without a lawyer. In other states, the term pro se is used. When a nonlawyer files his or her own legal papers, that party is expected to write "in pro per" under his or her name in the heading on the first page.
Suggested or recommended, but not binding. For example, language in a will or trust that says "I hope my daughter will keep the house in the family" is precatory and not legally binding on the daughter who inherits the house.
When something can be done or performed.
Latin for "after death," an examination of a dead body to determine cause of death, generally called an autopsy.
The phrase represents the faulty logic of assuming that one thing was caused by another merely because it followed that prior event in time. From the Latin phrase post hoc ergo propter hoc, which means "after this, therefore because of this."
1) To place a notice prominently. For example, employers are required to post notices about employee rights in a conspicuous location. 2) To mail. 3) To record a payment on a particular date. For example, when you pay a credit card bill, your next statement will show you the date payment was "posted to your account."