ACADEMIC TOPICS

peer review

An evaluation of someone's work by a group of people in the same profession or field. A peer-reviewed or "refereed" journal, for example, publishes submissions that have been read and selected by an editorial board of experts in the field. Hospitals, schools, and other institutions often have peer-review boards or committees who evaluate the work of their colleagues, sometimes in response to allegations of poor performance or malpractice.

palliative care

Medical care designed to keep a patient comfortable and pain-free while also providing psychological and spiritual support. Rather than focusing on curing an illness, palliative care emphasizes quality of life for both the patient and the patient's family members. Used negatively, it may mean the provision of only perfunctory medical care when an illness could be cured.

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