accidents and injuries

Able to Work

Definition

Capable of employment. A person who is able to work is ineligible to receive unemployment benefits on the basis of illness or injury.

Illustrative case law

See, e.g. International Union, et al. v. Johnson Controls, Inc., 499 U.S. 187 (...

Admissible Evidence

Definition

Evidence that is formally presented before the trier of fact (i.e., the judge or jury) to consider in deciding the case. The trial court judge determines whether or not the evidence may be proffered. To be admissible in court, the...

Admission

Definition

1) A person's, in particular a party's, statement acknowledging that a certain fact is true or silence after another party's assertion of a fact that, if false, would typically elicit a denial. 2) Admission by a party-opponent: an out-of-...

Allen Charge

Definition

An instruction given by a court to a deadlocked jury to encourage it to continue deliberating until it reaches a verdict. Some states prohibit Allen charges, because they deem them coercive, but the U.S. Supreme Court upheld their use in...

Attractive Nuisance

Definition

A dangerous condition on a landowner’s property that may attract children onto the land and may involve risk or harm to their safety. Because child trespassers may not appreciate the risks that the dangerous condition poses, landowners...

Award

Definition

A final judgment or decision. The centerpiece of an award is usually a declaration that one party owes another a certain amount of money. Although the term often refers to the decisions of arbitrators and juries, it can also refer to the...

Cargo Insurance

Definition

An insurance agreement to pay for freight that has been lost or damaged in transit, whether by land, air, or sea.

Damages

Definition

In tort law, a remedy in the form of monetary compensation to the harmed party.

Damages: An Overview

Damages refers to the sum of money the law imposes for a breach of some duty or violation of some right. Generally, there are two types...

Health - State statutes

Alabama (see Title 22) Alaska- Title 18 Arizona- Title 36 Arkansas (see Title 20) California Colorado (searchable index, see Title 25) Connecticut- Title 19 Delaware- Title 16 District of Columbia (see Title 6) Florida (see Title XI)...

Immunity

Generally, freedom from legal obligation to perform actions or to suffer penalties, as in "immunity from prosecution". Specific types of immunity are separately defined and discussed.

See also:Diplomatic immunityFederal Tort Claims...

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