accidents & injuries (tort law)

money demand

A money demand is a legal claim or request for the payment of a fixed sum of money. It is a demand made by one party to another, as opposed to a damage claims or money damages award, which must be assessed by the trier of fact. The party...

multidistrict litigation

A legal proceeding in federal civil litigation, aimed at reducing the burden on federal district courts, and make litigation more convenient for parties and promote overall efficiency in the courts. Congress codified MDLs in 28 U.S.C § 1407. When...

necessity defense

A necessity defense is a defense to liability for unlawful activity where the conduct cannot be avoided and one is justified in the particular conduct because it will prevent the occurrence of a harm that is more serious.

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negligence

Negligence is the failure to behave with the level of care that a reasonable person would have exercised under the same circumstances. Either a person’s actions or omissions of actions can be found negligent. The omission of actions is...

negligence per se

Negligence per se means negligence in itself. In a tort case, a defendant who violates a statute or regulation without an excuse is automatically considered to have breached their duty of care and is therefore negligent as a matter of law. As a result...

negligent

Negligent is a legal term used to describe behavior that fails to meet the level of care that a reasonable person would have exercised under the same circumstances. Either a person’s actions or omissions of actions can be found negligent. The...

negligent infliction of emotional distress

Negligent infliction of emotional distress (NEID) is a tort, defined as emotional distress caused by negligent action. States differ greatly as to when they allow a cause of action for NEID and exactly how damages are calculated, unlike...

negligent tort

A negligent tort refers to a legal claim or lawsuit brought against an individual or entity for causing harm or injury to another person due to their negligent behavior (See negligence). Negligence is a legal concept that arises when a person...

NIED

NIED is an abbreviation for negligent infliction of emotional distress.

Negligent infliction of emotional distress (NEID) is a tort, defined as emotional distress caused by negligent action. States differ greatly as to when...

nominal damages

A trivial sum of money awarded to a plaintiff whose legal right has been technically violated but who has not established that they are entitled to compensatory damages because there was no accompanying loss or harm. Unlike compensatory damages which...

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