accidents & injuries (tort law)

Attractive Nuisance Doctrine

A doctrine in tort law under which a landowner may be liable for injuries to children who trespass on land if the injury results from a hazardous object or condition on the land that is likely to attract children who are unable to appreciate the risk...

Award

Definition

A final judgment or decision. The centerpiece of an award is usually a declaration that one party owes another a certain amount of money. Although the term often refers to the decisions of arbitrators and juries, it can also refer to the...

bait and switch

A “bait and switch” takes place when a seller creates an appealing but ingenuine offer to sell a product or service, which the seller does not actually intend to sell. This initial advertised offer is “the bait.” Then the seller switches customers...

breach of promise

Although not actionable in most jurisdictions, it is a breach of a promise to marry another; in other words it is a broken engagement. It is a tort against the breaching party, traditionally the male, by the jilted bride or her family.

business invitee

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA person who enters commercial premises for the purpose of doing business. A business is liable to a business invitee for injury caused by dangerous conditions of the premises, such as wet floors.

...

But-for test

The but-for test is a test commonly used in both tort law and criminal law to determine actual causation. The test asks, "but for the existence of X, would Y have occurred?"

Of the numerous tests used to determine causation, the but-for test...

Calumny

Calumny is technically the act of a person falsely accusing another person of a crime. However, the common definition of calumny means the act of maliciously (i.e. with the intent to do harm) misrepresenting someone’s conduct to harm that...

Care

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryAttention, prudence, having responsibilty for. Care is the opposite of negligence and a person exercising reasonable care cannot be liable for injuries that occur as a result of that person's actions.

...

Careless

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary1) Negligent. 2) The opposite of careful. A careless act can result in the careless person being responsible for damages caused to others by the carelessness.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English...

Carrier

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryAny business that transports property or people by any means of conveyance (truck, auto, taxi, bus, airplane, railroad, ship) for a charge. There are two types of carriers: common carrier (in the regular...

Pages