accidents & injuries (tort law)

Carrier

Carrier is anyone that transports people or property for hire by any means of conveyance (land, water, air or pipeline). There are two types of carriers: common carriers and private carriers.

Common carriers offer...

Casualty

Casualty can refer to both an unforeseen accident or disaster, as well as the resulting harm from said accident or disaster. Whether people, places, or things, anything can be considered a casualty of a certain harm. 26 U.S. Code § 165...

Casualty Loss

Casualty loss is limited to loss caused by some sudden, unexpected, and external force such as fire, storm, shipwreck, or similar event or accident. According to the Internal Revenue Code, a “personal casualty loss” means any losses of...

Cause

Usually describes the reason something happens. The concept of cause has been used in many areas of law.

In tort law, the plaintiff must prove that the defendant caused the alleged tort. Factual (or actual) cause and proximate cause are the...

Civil

In reference to law, “civil” is used primarily as a descriptive term to denote conflicts between private individuals. Where in a civil case two or more individuals or private entities (such as corporations) dispute their rights relative to...

Civil Liability

Civil liability is a legal obligation that requires a party to pay for damages or to follow other court-enforcements in a lawsuit. Different from criminal liability, which is often brought by the state to redress a public wrong,...

Commercial Tort Claim

A tort claim where the claimant is an organization or an individual and the claim comes in the course of the business or profession of the claimant and does not include damages arising out of personal injury to or the death of an individual.

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Common Carrier

A common carrier is a person or a commercial enterprise that transports passengers or goods for a fee and establishes that their service is open to the general public. Typical examples of common carriers include, a shipowner, railroad,...

Comparative Negligence

A tort rule for allocating damages when both parties are at least somewhat at fault. In a situation where both the plaintiff and the defendant were negligent, the jury allocates fault, usually as a percentage (for example, a jury might find that...

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