In 15 U.S.C. §1127:

1) The exchanging, buying, or selling of things having economic value between two or more entities, for example goods, services, and money. Commerce is often done on a large scale, typically between individuals, businesses,...

Commerce Clause


The Commerce Clause refers to Article 1, Section 8, Clause 3 of the U.S. Constitution, which gives Congress the power “to regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes.

Congress has...

Commerce Control List

In the interest of U.S. national security, the Department of Commerce's Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) is responsible for implementing and enforcing the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), which regulate the export and re-export of many...

Common Carrier

A common carrier is a person or a commercial enterprise that transports passengers or goods for a fee and establishes that their service is open to the general public. Typical examples of common carriers include, a shipowner, railroad,...

High Seas

International marine waters not included in the territorial waters of any country.

law of admiralty

The law of admiralty or admiralty law, also called maritime law, “regulates shipping, navigation, commerce, towage, recreational boating, and piracy by private entities on domestic and international waters.” Admiralty law covers...

Maintenance and Cure

Seamen who are injured while at sea are entitled to maintenance and cure from their employers. Maintenance is a seaman's day-to-day living expenses. Cure is the seaman's medical costs. Employers are only obligated to pay maintenance and cure until the...


1. Apparent; clear; obvious; unquestionable; evident.

For example, something that is manifestly erroneous is clearly wrong.

According to the Supreme Court of Louisiana in Canter v. Koehring Co. (1973), the “manifest error rule”...

Maritime Court

A federal court that hears issues of maritime law. These courts follow special procedural rules.

Maritime Law

See admiralty.