business law

Sherman Antitrust Act

Definition

A federal anti-monopoly and anti-trust statute, passed in 1890 as 15 U.S.C. §§ 1-7 and amended by the Clayton Act in 1914 (15 U.S.C. § 12-27), which prohibits activities that restrict interstate commerce and competition in the marketplace.

Overview

 

Poison pill

Definition

A corporation’s defensive strategy against a hostile takeover bid in which current shareholders other than the tender-offer bidder or prospective bidder, upon a triggering event, have the right to purchase additional corporate stocks at a deeply discounted price. The effect is to dilute the value of the stock and increase the bidder’s acquisition costs. Also called a shareholder rights plan.

Malfeasance

Intentional conduct that is wrongful or unlawful, especially by officials or public employees. Malfeasance is at a higher level of wrongdoing than nonfeasance (failure to act where there was a duty to act) or misfeasance (conduct that is lawful but inappropriate).

Keywords: 

insider

Someone who has a position in a business or stock brokerage, which allows him or her privy to confidential information (such as future changes in management, upcoming profit and loss reports, secret sales figures, and merger negotiations) which will affect the value of stocks or bonds. Use of such confidential information unavailable to the investing public in order to profit through sale or purchase of stocks or bonds is unethical and a crime under the Securities and Exchange Act.

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