business law

Accountant

Definition

A professional who engages in accounting, which involves preparing and auditing financial statements, bookkeeping and financial analysis.

An accountant may also be qualified to give individuals or corporations tax advice and prepare...

Accounting

Definition

1) The procedure of recording, analyzing, summarizing and classifying the financial transactions and information of a person or business which aids in accurate administration of resources.

2) A plaintiff's legal action to recover money...

Accounts Payable

Definition

Short-term debt that a company owes to its suppliers for products received before payment is made. Accounts payable entries are listed under "Current Liabilities" in the business' balance sheet and the items are removed once the account has...

Accounts Receivable

Definition

Money owed to a business by another business or individual in exchange for property or services that were provided on credit. The settlement of an account receivable begins by sending an invoice to the customer. A company enters accounts...

Accredited Investor

Under federal law, no securities may be sold or offered for sale unless they are registered, or there is an exception. An accredited investor is one such exemption: certain high-net-worth individividual, as defined in Rule 501 of Regulation D who may...

Accrual Method of Accounting

One method of accounting where economic events, such as income and expenses, are recorded at the moment they are incurred, as opposed to when they are received. This provides a more accurate statement of the current financial state of a company and...

Accrue

1. To be added as a matter of periodic gain or advantage, as interest on money.

2. To become a present and enforceable right or demand.

From: Dictionary.com

Accumulated Earnings

Definition

Net profits of a company that are not distributed as shareholder dividends. Accumulated earnings are often reinvested into the company itself.

See alsoDividendProfit

Act of God

At common law, an overwhelming event caused exclusively by natural forces whose effects could not possibly be prevented (e.g., flood, earthquake, tornado). In modern jurisdictions, "act of God" is often broadened by statute to include all natural...

Act of Nature

See: Act of God

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