CIVICS

blue law

A colloquial term for state statute or ordinance that forbids or regulates entertainment and commercial activities (ex. sale of liquor) on Sundays or religious holidays. Blue laws can also be referred to as Sunday closing laws,...

Brown v. Board of Education (1954)

Brown v. Board of Education (1954) was a landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision that struck down the “Separate but Equal” doctrine and outlawed the ongoing segregation in schools. The court ruled that laws mandating and enforcing...

Bush v. Gore (2000)

Bush v. Gore (2000) is a Supreme Court of the United States case that revolves around Florida’s recount of the presidential election ballots. In this case, petitioner Bush won the 25 electoral votes in Florida — and thus the presidential election —...

business license

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA permit issued by a local or state governmental agency for a business to operate. Also called a tax registration certificate.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

C Corporation

Definition

Any corporation that does not qualify and elect to be an S corporation under the Internal Revenue Code. Unlike S corporations, C corporations must always pay income taxes directly to the federal government.

See 26 U.S.C. § 11 and 26 U...

Cabinet

The most senior appointed officers of the executive branch. Its officers are nominated by the President and then presented to the United States Senate for confirmation. A simple majority will vote to confirm or reject the nominee. Upon approval, they...

Cafeteria Plan

A cafeteria plan is a written employee benefit program that allows employees to choose at least two benefits from a menu of options. As explained by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), a cafeteria plan must allow employees to choose between...

Cancellation of Removal

Cancellation of removal is an immigration benefit whereby permanent residents and nonpermanent residents may apply to an immigration judge to adjust their status from that of deportable alien to one lawfully admitted for permanent residence, provided...

Cannibalism

Overview

Cannibalism is the consumption of another human's body matter, whether consensual or not. In the United States, there are no laws against cannibalism per se, but most, if not all, states have enacted laws that indirectly make it impossible to...

Cap

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionarySlang for maximum, as the most interest that can be charged on an adjustable rate promissory note.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

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