CIVICS

United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces (USCAAF)

United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces (USCAAF) is a federal appellate court which exercises exclusive and worldwide jurisdiction over active members of the armed forces subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice. The USCAAF...

United States Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims

United States Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims is a federal appellate court which has exclusive national jurisdiction to review decisions of the Board of Veterans’ Appeals (BVA).

The Court was created under Article I of...

United States Marshals Service (USMS)

The United States Marshals Service (USMS) is a Department of Justice federal law enforcement agency charged with ensuring the effective operation of the federal judiciary. The President appoints a U.S. Marshal for each federal district....

United States Munitions List

The United States Munitions List is a list of defense articles, services and related technical data designated as such by the federal government. These defense items are controlled by the Arms Export Control Act. The List is divided into twenty-one...

United States Tax Court

Established by Congress under Article I of the Constitution.

Upon a determination of a tax deficiency by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, the taxpayer may dispute the deficiency in the Tax Court before paying any disputed amount.

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United States v. Darby

United States v. Darby is a Supreme Court of the United States case that revolves around the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 and issues of federalism. Congress set out federal standards for employment conditions, specifically...

United States v. Jones (2012)

The Supreme Court case which held that the placement and use of an electronic tracking device for 28 days on a suspect’s vehicle through an improperly executed warrant constituted a search under the Fourth Amendment. (Read opinion here)

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United States v. Windsor (2013)

The Supreme Court case which held that the Defense of Marriage Act’s (DOMA) provision excluding same-sex married individuals from the definition of spouse violated the protections afforded by Fifth Amendment and was thus unconstitutional. (...

United States v. Wong Kim Ark

169 U.S. 649 (1898)

The Supreme Court held that citizenship as prescribed in the Fourteenth Amendment extends to U.S.-born children of foreign subjects or citizens who, at the time of the child’s birth, are permanent residents and are carrying on...

United Steelworkers of America v. Weber (1979)

United Steelworkers of American v. Weber (1979) is a U.S. Supreme Court case where the Court ruled that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits racial discrimination in the workplace, does not prohibit voluntary affirmative...

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