CIVICS

World Court

The World Court is the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN). It was established in 1945 by the UN’s Charter, and it’s the only organ of the UN not located in New York City. Its seat is...

write-off

A write-off means removing an asset from the books, especially as a loss or expense, while to “deduct” an item means to subtract it from gross income or adjusted gross income when calculating taxable income.

In personal-...

Yea

Definition

Yes. The word "yea" is used in oral voting and also written or spoken when announcing vote results.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. John Doe No. 1 v. Reed, 130 S.Ct. 2811, 2833–34 (2010).

See also

Aye

Nay (contrast)

Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer (1952)

Definition

A U.S. Supreme Court case in which the Court held that President Truman lacked either constitutional or statutory authority to seize the nation's strike-bound steel mills (the Court noted, however, that Congress would have had constitutional...

Zambrano

Definition

A '90s class action case in which plaintiffs, undocumented aliens, challenged I.N.S. regulations for allegedly, unduly restricting the eligibility of undocumented aliens who might become public charges for legalization under the Immigration...

Zero tape

Definition

A printout that shows that no votes have been cast on a voting machine prior to a poll's opening.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. NAACP of Pennsylvania v. Cortes, 591 F.Supp.2d 757, 761 (E.D.Pa. 2008).

See also

Poll

Voting...

Zoning ordinance

Definition

A municipal law that outlines permitted uses for various sections of land. Thus, some parts of a city may be dedicated to industrial use, while others may be set aside for residential or commercial use only. A zoning ordinance may also...

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