CIVICS

Watkins v. United States (1957)

Watkins v. United States (1957) is the U.S. Supreme Court case holding that the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment limits Congress’s ability to conduct investigations, namely its ability to require testimony on inquiries unrelated to...

welfare

In the United States, welfare benefits for individuals and families with low or no income were almost non-existent before the Great Depression of the 1930s. The economic crisis left 1 in 4 workers unemployed, prompting the federal government...

welfare work rules

Welfare work rules are the rules that mandate recipients of public benefits to make efforts toward securing employment in order to continue receiving their benefits. These rules are designed to promote self-sufficiency and reduce long-term...

Whistleblower Protection Act

A whistleblower protection act is a federal or state law that protects employees from retaliation, such as termination or discrimination, for properly disclosing employer wrongdoing. Also termed as the whistleblower act. An employer's...

white-collar crime

White-collar crime generally encompasses a variety of nonviolent crimes usually committed in commercial situations for financial gain.

The following is an inclusive list of white-collar offenses: antitrust violations,...

wilful killing

"Wilful killing" is a war crime as codified in the Rome Statute for the International Criminal Court. A prosecution for wilful killing must show the following elements:

A killing of one or more persons, who were protected under the...

withholding

In a legal context, withholding is the action of deducting an amount or percentage established by the law from a person’s income, like from wages or dividends. Commonly, the withholding is made and subsequently paid to the government by the...

Woodson v. North Carolina (1976)

Woodson v. North Carolina (1976) is the U.S. Supreme Court case holding that North Carolina’s mandatory death penalty for individuals convicted of first-degree murder violated the Eighth Amendment. Find the full opinion: Woodson v. North...

work credits

Work credits are used by the Federal Government to determine a person’s eligibility for benefits such as Social Security benefits, Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) benefits, and Medicare. Work credits are earned by paying taxes and...

work permit

The I-765 employment authorization document (EAD), commonly referred to as the work permit, is a document issued by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) that provides temporary work authorization to noncitizens in...

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