CIVICS

Admiralty

Admiralty: An Overview

Admiralty law or maritime law is the distinct body of law (both substantive and procedural) governing navigation and shipping. Topics associated with this field in legal reference works may include: shipping; navigation; waters;...

Admiralty and Maritime Power

In the case Southern Pacific Co. v. Jensen, 244 U.S. 205 (1917), the Supreme Court determined that the Necessary and Proper Clause grants to Congress complete and plenary power to fix and determine the maritime laws throughout the country.

See...

Adopt

1) To vote to accept or to accept (As in to adopt a resolution)

2) To form a legal parent-child relationship with a child that is not previously yours. See Adoption.

Advance Parole

Advance parole is a travel document granting permission to certain foreign nationals to re-enter the U.S. after traveling abroad. These foreign nationals typically have applications pending for immigration benefits or for changes in nonimmigrant status...

Advisory Opinion

A court's nonbinding interpretation of law. It states the opinion of a court upon a legal question submitted by a legislature, government official, or another court. Federal courts cannot issue advisory opinions because of the Constitution's case-or-...

Advocacy of Illegal Action

OverviewImminent Lawless Action Requirement

This is a category of speech that is not protected by the First Amendment. In Brandenburg v. Ohio, 395 U.S. 444 (1969), the Supreme Court held, "the constitutional guarantees of free speech and free press do...

Affiant

The author of an affidavit, who swears to its accuracy.

Affidavit

A voluntarily sworn declaration of written facts. Affidavits are commonly used to present evidence in court. see, e.g. Edenfield v. Fane, 507 US 761 (1993).

See Category: Courts and Procedure

Affirm

There are several, related usages of the word “affirm” in a legal context; but, generally it means “to confirm or ratify.” Common occurrences of this word include:

An appellate court can affirm the ruling that was the subject of the appeal...

Affirmative Action

Definition

A set of procedures designed to eliminate unlawful discrimination among applicants, remedy the results of such prior discrimination, and prevent such discrimination in the future. Applicants may be seeking admission to an educational...

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