CIVICS

Arizona v. United States (2012)

The Supreme Court case which held sections 3, 5(C), and 6 of Arizona’s Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act (S.B. 1070) were preempted by federal law, but that section 2(B) must be allowed to be construed in practice before...

Armed Conflict

In international criminal law, prosecution for a war crime requires the existence of an armed conflict. Some war crimes require an international armed conflict, while others require only a domestic armed conflict.

International armed conflicts...

Arms Export Control Act (1976)


The Arms Export Control Act authorizes the president to control the import and export of defense articles and services. If the president chooses, he can issue a license to an individual or organization that wishes to export defense articles or...

Arrest

An arrest is using legal authority to deprive a person of his or her freedom of movement. An arrest is generally made with an arrest warrant. An arrest may be made without a warrant if probable cause and exigent circumstances are presented at the...

Arrest Warrant

An arrest warrant is a document issued by a judge or magistrate that authorizes the police to take someone accused of a crime into custody. An arrest warrant is issued by the competent authority upon a showing of probable cause, which means a warrant...

Article

Definition

A paragraph or section of a legal document or statute.

Article III

Refers to Article III of the Constitution, the section of the Constitution that authorizes a federal court system. This provides that federal courts have judicial power over all cases and controversies arising under the Constitution, laws, or treaties...

Articles of Impeachment

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe formal document filed to impeach a publich official. The articles of impeachment state the charges against the official and the reasons why the official should be removed from office. Articles of...

Articles of Organization

Definition

Document required to be filed with a designated official, usually the Secretary of State, to legally register a Limited Liability Company (LLC). Since LLCs are governed by state law, the information required to be in the Articles of...

Artificial Person

An entity established by law and given at least some legal rights and duties of a human being. Corporations are the most common types of artificial persons.

See legal person; cf. natural person.

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