CIVICS

TFRP

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionarySee: trust fund recovery penalty

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Third amendment

The third amendment to the constitution prohibits, in peacetime, the quartering of soldiers in private homes without the consent of the owner of the home. It states that "[n]o Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the...

three-of-five test

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA rebuttable IRS presumption that a business venture that does not make a profit in three out of five consecutive years of operation is a hobby and not a business for tax purposes. Not meeting this test...

Title IX

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryPart of the Education Amendments of 1972, Title IX prohibits discrimination based on sex in education programs and activities that receive federal financial assistance. Actions prohibited by Title IX...

Title VII

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA federal law (Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964) that prohibits employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy), national origin, and genetic information.

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Toll v. Moreno

441 U.S. 458 (1979)

The Supreme Court held that a state university’s policy that categorically denies “in-state” status to domiciled non-immigrant G-4 aliens and their dependents is invalid under the Supremacy Clause of the U.S. Constitution. (Read...

Trade Regulation

Trade Regulation: an overview

The terms commerce and trade are often used interchangeably, with commerce referring to large-scale business activity and trade describing commercial traffic within a state or a community. The U.S. Constitution, through...

Traffic Stop

A traffic stop of a vehicle and detention of its occupants is a seizure for Fourth Amendment purposes. A routine traffic stop is justified if the police officer has a reasonable suspicion that the occupant is unlicensed or the vehicle is unregistered...

Treasury regulations

Regulations that interpret the Internal Revenue Code are compiled under Title 26 of the Code of Federal Regulations. These regulations are generally issued by the United States Department of the Treasury.

treaty

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA pact between nations that, if entered into by the United States through its Executive Branch, must be approved by two-thirds of the Senate under Article II, Section 2 of the Constitution. Presidents...

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