CIVICS

trust fund recovery penalty (TFRP)

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA penalty from the IRS for not paying "trust fund" taxes, which are taxes a company withholds from an employees paycheck, including Social Security and Medicare taxes and federal income (withholding)...

trust fund taxes

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryTaxes a company withholds from an employees paycheck, including Social Security and Medicare taxes and federal income (withholding) taxes. A trust fund recovery penalty can be assessed when a business...

U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (C.A.F.C.) has nation-wide jurisdiction over certain disputes that involve the Federal government including intellectual property, international trade, government contracts, and federal...

U.S. Troop Readiness, Veterans' Care, Katrina Recovery, and Iraq Accountability Appropriations Act of 2007

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryAn emergency appropriations act that, among other things, provided funding for the Afghanistan and Iraq wars, contained disaster relief related to Hurricane Katrina, and raised the federal minimum wage....

UCMJ

The Uniform Code of Military Justice.

Ultra vires

Definition

Latin, meaning "beyond the powers." Describes actions taken by government bodies or corporations that exceed the scope of power given to them by laws or corporate charters. When referring to the acts of government bodies (e.g., legislatures...

Unconstitutional

Anything that transgresses, or is antithetical to, a constitution -- especially the United States Constitution.

undocumented immigrant

Undocumented immigrants are foreign nationals who lack proper authorization to be in the United States. These immigrants either entered the United States without inspection according to immigration procedures, or entered the United States on a...

undue burden

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryIn the field of reproductive rights, having the purpose or effect of placing a substantial obstacle in the path of a woman seeking an abortion of a fetus that is not yet viable. Laws that impose an undue...

unearned income

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryIncome from investments, such as interest, dividends, or capital gains, or any other income that isn't compensation for services.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

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